Interfacial/foaming properties and antioxidant activity of a silkworm (Bombyx mori) pupae protein concentrate
|Author||Félix Ángel, Manuel
Fitzgerald, Richard J
Fuente Feria, Julia de la
Carrera Sánchez, Cecilio
|Department||Universidad de Sevilla. Departamento de Ingeniería Química|
|Published in||Food Hydrocolloids, 103 (June), 105645-.|
|Abstract||The current consumer demand for healthier diets, the growing interest in the search for new sources of protein, and the desire to reduce the negative effects on the environment have increased interest in the study of insect ...
The current consumer demand for healthier diets, the growing interest in the search for new sources of protein, and the desire to reduce the negative effects on the environment have increased interest in the study of insect proteins. The present study focused on the technofunctional characteristics (interfacial and foaming properties) and the in-vitro antioxidant activity of a protein concentrate obtained from silkworm (Bombyx mori) pupae (SPC). The isoelectric point of the SPC was close to pH 4.0–5.0 as determined by protein solubility and z potential analysis. Given that the SPC had solubilities of ~50% and z potentials of ~20 mV at pH 2.0 and 8.0, it was decided to further study SPC properties at these pH values. The supernatant obtained after adjustment of SPC to pH 8.0 showed higher (p < 0.05) antioxidant activity than that at pH 2.0 when analysed by the ferric reducing antioxidant power (FRAP) assay (168.0 ± 3.0 V. 43.5 ± 8.1 μmol Trolox Eq. ·g−1 protein). However, no significant differences in antioxidant activity were found between pH 2.0 and 8.0 when using the oxygen radical absorbance capacity (ORAC) assay (1826.0 ± 131.9 vs. 1659.2 ± 46.8 μmol Trolox Eq. g−1 protein). The interfacial properties of SPC were determined at pH 2.0 and 8.0 during protein adsorption and after reaching the pseudo equilibrium state by means of dilatational and interfacial shear rheology following by foaming capacity and stability analyses. Faster adsorption kinetic values were obtained at pH 8 ( Vs. at pH 2.0). However, lower kinetic values at pH 2.0 increased the elastic behaviour of the viscoelastic interfacial film formed (E's ⁓ 30 mN/m at pH 2.0 V. E's ⁓ 20 mN/m at pH 8.0), which can be related with the higher protein sizes found at pH 2.0. These rearrangements of the SPC components appeared to increase its foaming capacity, whereas the foaming capacity of SPC adjusted to pH 8.0 was minimal.
|Citation||Félix Ángel, M., Bascón, C., Cermeño, M., Fitzgerald, R.J., Fuente Feria, J.d.l. y Carrera Sánchez, C. (2020). Interfacial/foaming properties and antioxidant activity of a silkworm (Bombyx mori) pupae protein concentrate. Food Hydrocolloids, 103 (June), 105645-.|