Intestinal colonization due to Escherichia coli ST131: Risk factors and prevalence
|Author||Morales Barroso, Isabel
López Cerero, Lorena
Navarro, María Dolores
Gutiérrez Gutiérrez, Belén
Pascual Hernández, Álvaro
|Department||Instituto de Biomedicina de Sevilla (IBIS)
Universidad de Sevilla. Departamento de Medicina
Universidad de Sevilla. Departamento de Microbiología
|Published in||Antimicrobial Resistance and Infection Control, 7, 135-1-135-6.|
|Abstract||Background Escherichia coli sequence type 131 (ST131) is a successful clonal group that has dramatically spread during the last decades and is considered an important driver for the rapid increase of quinolone resistance ...
Background Escherichia coli sequence type 131 (ST131) is a successful clonal group that has dramatically spread during the last decades and is considered an important driver for the rapid increase of quinolone resistance in E. coli. Methods Risk factors for rectal colonization by ST131 Escherichia coli (irrespective of ESBL production) were investigated in 64 household members (18 were colonized) and 54 hospital contacts (HC; 10 colonized) of 34 and 30 index patients with community and nosocomial infection due to these organisms, respectively, using multilevel analysis with a p limit of < 0.1. Result Colonization among household members was associated with the use of proton-pump inhibitors (PPI) by the household member (OR = 3.08; 95% CI: 0.88–10.8) and higher age of index patients (OR = 1.05; 95% CI; 1.01–1.10), and among HC, with being bed-ridden (OR = 21.1; 95% CI: 3.61–160.0) and having a urinary catheter (OR = 8.4; 95% CI: 0.87–76.9). Conclusion Use of PPI and variables associated with higher need of person-to-person contact are associated with increased risk of rectal colonization by ST131. These results should be considered for infection control purposes.
|Cite||Morales Barroso, I., López Cerero, L., Navarro, M.D., Gutiérrez Gutiérrez, B., Pascual Hernández, Á. y Rodríguez Baño, J. (2018). Intestinal colonization due to Escherichia coli ST131: Risk factors and prevalence. Antimicrobial Resistance and Infection Control, 7, 135-1-135-6.|