Microbiota-based markers predictive of development of Clostridioides difficile infection
Xavier, Basil Britto
van Werkhoven, Cornelis H.
|Department||Universidad de Sevilla. Departamento de Medicina|
|Abstract||Antibiotic-induced modulation of the intestinal microbiota can lead to Clostridioides difficile
infection (CDI), which is associated with considerable morbidity, mortality, and healthcare costs globally. Therefore, ...
Antibiotic-induced modulation of the intestinal microbiota can lead to Clostridioides difficile infection (CDI), which is associated with considerable morbidity, mortality, and healthcare costs globally. Therefore, identification of markers predictive of CDI could substantially contribute to guiding therapy and decreasing the infection burden. Here, we analyze the intestinal microbiota of hospitalized patients at increased CDI risk in a prospective, 90-day cohort-study before and after antibiotic treatment and at diarrhea onset. We show that patients developing CDI already exhibit significantly lower diversity before antibiotic treat ment and a distinct microbiota enriched in Enterococcus and depleted of Ruminococcus, Blautia, Prevotella and Bifidobacterium compared to non-CDI patients. We find that antibiotic treatment-induced dysbiosis is class-specific with beta-lactams further increasing enter ococcal abundance. Our findings, validated in an independent prospective patient cohort developing CDI, can be exploited to enrich for high-risk patients in prospective clinical trials, and to develop predictive microbiota-based diagnostics for management of patients at risk for CDI.
|Funding agencies||Unión Europea|
|Citation||Berkell, M., Mysara, M., Xavier, B.B., van Werkhoven, C.H., Monsieurs, P., Lammens, C. y Rodríguez-Baño, J. (2021). Microbiota-based markers predictive of development of Clostridioides difficile infection. Nature Communications, 12 (1), 2241. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41467-021-22302-0.|