Human prefoldin modulates co-transcriptional pre-mRNA splicing
|Author||Payán Bravo, Laura
Fontalva Ostio, Sara
Peñate Salas, Xenia
Guerrero Martínez, José A.
Pareja Sánchez, Yerma
Odriozola Gil, Yosu
Jimeno González, Silvia
Suñé Negre, Carlos María
Muñoz Centeno, María de la Cruz
Reyes, José C.
Chávez de Diego, Sebastián
|Department||Universidad de Sevilla. Departamento de Genética|
|Published in||Nucleic Acids Research, 49 (11), 6267-6280.|
|Abstract||Prefoldin is a heterohexameric complex conserved from archaea to humans that plays a cochaperone role during the co-translational folding of actin and tubulin monomers. Additional functions of prefoldin have been described, ...
Prefoldin is a heterohexameric complex conserved from archaea to humans that plays a cochaperone role during the co-translational folding of actin and tubulin monomers. Additional functions of prefoldin have been described, including a positive contribution to transcription elongation and chromatin dynamics in yeast. Here we show that prefoldin perturbations provoked transcriptional alterations across the human genome. Severe pre-mRNA splicing defects were also detected, particularly after serum stimulation. We found impairment of co-transcriptional splicing during transcription elongation, which explains why the induction of long genes with a high number of introns was affected the most. We detected genome-wide prefoldin binding to transcribed genes and found that it correlated with the negative impact of prefoldin depletion on gene expression. Lack of prefoldin caused global decrease in Ser2 and Ser5 phosphorylation of the RNA polymerase II carboxy-terminal domain. It also reduced the recruitment of the CTD kinase CDK9 to transcribed genes, and the association of splicing factors PRP19 and U2AF65 to chromatin, which is known to depend on CTD phosphorylation. Altogether the reported results indicate that human prefoldin is able to act locally on the genome to modulate gene expression by influencing phosphorylation of elongating RNA polymerase II, and thereby regulating co-transcriptional splicing.
|Cite||Payán Bravo, L., Fontalva Ostio, S., Peñate Salas, X., Cases, I., Guerrero Martínez, J.A., Pareja Sánchez, Y.,...,Chávez de Diego, S. (2021). Human prefoldin modulates co-transcriptional pre-mRNA splicing. Nucleic Acids Research, 49 (11), 6267-6280.|