Fragility fractures and imminent fracture risk in the spanish population: a retrospective observational cohort study
|Author||Montoya García, María José
Giner García, Mercedes
Olmo-Montes, Francisco Jesús
Miranda, Mª José
Colmenero, Miguel Ángel
Vázquez Gámez, María de los Ángeles
|Department||Universidad de Sevilla. Departamento de Medicina
Universidad de Sevilla. Departamento de Citología e Histología Normal y Patológica
|Abstract||Fragility fractures constitute a major public health problem worldwide, causing important high morbidity and mortality rates. The aim was to present the epidemiology of fragility fractures and to assess the imminent risk ...
Fragility fractures constitute a major public health problem worldwide, causing important high morbidity and mortality rates. The aim was to present the epidemiology of fragility fractures and to assess the imminent risk of a subsequent fracture and mortality. This is a retrospective population-based cohort study (n = 1369) with a fragility fracture. We estimated the incidence rate of index fragility fractures and obtained information on the subsequent fractures and death during a follow-up of up to three years. We assessed the effect of age, sex, and skeletal site of index fracture as independent risk factors of further fractures and mortality. Incidence rate of index fragility fractures was 86.9/10,000 person-years, with highest rates for hip fractures in women aged ≥80 years. The risk of fracture was higher in subjects with a recent fracture (Relative Risk(RR), 1.80; p < 0.01). Higher age was an independent risk factor for further fracture events. Significant excess mortality was found in subjects aged ≥80 years and with a previous hip fracture (hazard ratio, 3.43 and 2.48, respectively). It is the first study in Spain to evaluate the incidence of major osteoporotic fractures, not only of the hip, and the rate of imminent fracture. Our results provide further evidence highlighting the need for early treatment.
|Citation||Montoya García, M.J., Giner García, M., Marcos, R., García-Romero, D., Olmo-Montes, F.J., Miranda, M.J.,...,Vázquez Gámez, M.d.l.Á. (2021). Fragility fractures and imminent fracture risk in the spanish population: a retrospective observational cohort study. Journal of Clinical Medicine, 10 (5)|
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