Copper recovery from unground printed circuit board by biogenic ferric at high solid/liquid ratio
|Author/s||Iglesias González, María Nieves
Ramírez del Amo, Pablo
Lorenzo Tallafigo, Juan
Romero García, Aurora
Mazuelos Rojas, Alfonso
Romero Aleta, Rafael
Carranza Mora, Francisco
|Department||Universidad de Sevilla. Departamento de Ingeniería Química|
|Abstract||In this work, the recovery of Cu from large waste printed circuit board (PCB) pieces by biogenic ferric sulphate at high solid to liquid ratio was studied. PCB parts were packed in a column and biogenic ferric was constantly ...
In this work, the recovery of Cu from large waste printed circuit board (PCB) pieces by biogenic ferric sulphate at high solid to liquid ratio was studied. PCB parts were packed in a column and biogenic ferric was constantly recirculated. A high oxidation reduction potential (ORP) decrease was observed in ferric leaching due to ferric ion consumption; this drop caused a slower copper dissolution kinetics. After 25 days, 62.2% of copper was leached from PCBs column. PCBs column was connected to a flooded packed-bed (FPB) bioreactor to study the biological regeneration of ferric ion consumed in chemical reaction. The bioreactor connection enabled working at a constant ORP (700 mV vs. Ag/AgCl) during the whole test time. The improvement of oxidising conditions hugely increased copper dissolution rate, reaching 90% of copper recovery after 25 days. The FPB bioreactor operated continuously without showing inhibition problems and generating a leaching liquor with a high and constant ORP. The novel proposed configuration consists of a chemical reactor, where large PCBs pieces are piled at a high solid load, connected to a FPB bioreactor that regenerates the spent ferric ion enabling the leaching without reagents consumption, is a simple, inexpensive, low energy consumption, eco-friendly and effective system to recover copper from PCBs.
|Citation||Iglesias González, M.N., Ramírez del Amo, P., Lorenzo Tallafigo, J., Romero García, A., Mazuelos Rojas, A., Romero Aleta, R. y Carranza Mora, F. (2022). Copper recovery from unground printed circuit board by biogenic ferric at high solid/liquid ratio. Minerals Engineering, 180, 107471.|