Differences in HCV Viral Decline between Low and Standard-Dose Pegylated-Interferon-Alpha-2a with Ribavirin in HIV/HCV Genotype 3 Patients
López Cortés, Luis Fernando
Torres Cornejo, Almudena
Pineda Vergara, Juan Antonio
|Department||Universidad de Sevilla. Departamento de Medicina|
|Abstract||Background: The aim of the study was to analyze the different impact of standard and low-dose Peg-IFN-a2a/RBV therapies
on HCV viral decline in HIV/HCV genotype 3 co-infected patients during the first weeks of ...
Background: The aim of the study was to analyze the different impact of standard and low-dose Peg-IFN-a2a/RBV therapies on HCV viral decline in HIV/HCV genotype 3 co-infected patients during the first weeks of treatment. Methods: Plasma HCV viral decline was analyzed between baseline and weeks 1, 2 and 4 in two groups of treatment-naı¨ve HCV genotype 3 patients with HIV co-infection. The Standard Dose Group (SDG) included patients who received Peg-IFN at 180 mg/per week with a weight-adjusted dose of ribavirin; Low-Dose Group (LDG) patients received Peg-IFN at 135 mg/per week with 800 mg/day ribavirin. The effect of IL28B genotype on HCV viral decline was evaluated in both groups. HCV viral decline was analyzed using a multivariate linear regression model. Results: One hundred and six patients were included: 48 patients in the SDG and 58 in the LDG. HCV viral decline for patients in the LDG was less than for those in the SDG (week 1:1.7260.74 log10 IU/mL versus 1.7860.67 log10 IU/mL, p = 0.827; week 2:2.360.89 log10 IU/mL versus 3.0161.02 log10 IU/mL, p = 0.013; week 4:3.5261.2 log10 IU/mL versus 4.0961.1 log10 IU/mL, p = 0.005). The linear regression model identified the Peg-IFN/RBV dose as an independent factor for HCV viral decline at week 4. Conclusions: Our results showed that HCV viral decline was less for patients in the low-dose group compared to those receiving the standard dose. Until a randomized clinical trial is conducted, clinicians should be cautious about using lower doses of Peg-IFN/RBV in HIV/HCV genotype 3 co-infected patients.
|Citation||Rivero-Juárez, A., López Cortés, L.F., Camacho, Á., Torres Cornejo, A., Pineda Vergara, J.A., Márquez-Solero, M. y Rivero, A. (2012). Differences in HCV Viral Decline between Low and Standard-Dose Pegylated-Interferon-Alpha-2a with Ribavirin in HIV/HCV Genotype 3 Patients. PLoS ONE, 7 (11), art. n.48959.|
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