Microwave-induced water flow in a microchannel built on a coplanar waveguide
Velázquez Ahumada, María del Castillo
Freire Rosales, Manuel José
Ramos Reyes, Antonio
|Department||Universidad de Sevilla. Departamento de Física Atómica, Molecular y Nuclear|
|Published in||Journal of Applied Physics, 110 (6), 064912.|
|Abstract||We present experimental and numerical investigations of water flow in a microsystem induced by
microwave electric fields. Microwave dielectric heating induces gradients of temperature which
produce spatial variations in ...
We present experimental and numerical investigations of water flow in a microsystem induced by microwave electric fields. Microwave dielectric heating induces gradients of temperature which produce spatial variations in mass density and dielectric permittivity that lead to buoyancy and dielectric forces in the liquid, respectively. The experimental system consists of a microchannel, filled with water, which is built on top of a coplanar waveguide operating in the fundamental transversal electromagnetic (TEM) mode at frequencies in the range 1–4 GHz. The flow originated by standing waves is studied. Maxima and minima of electric field amplitude lead to maxima and minima of fluid flow. This observation allows us to measure the TEM wavelength and good agreement is found with the theoretical results for the TEM mode inside the microchannel. We also present three dimensional finite-element calculations of the electric, temperature and fluid velocity fields in the microchannel. In a first approach, the calculations are performed using the equations in the limit of small temperature variations, which allows us to decouple the electrical, mechanical and thermal equations. These calculations show a good agreement with the velocity profiles. Subsequently, the effect of considering finite increments of temperature is taken into account and the new numerical results improve the quantitative comparison with experimental velocities.
|Citation||Khayari, A., Medrano, M., Verlage, E., Velázquez Ahumada, M.d.C., Freire Rosales, M.J. y Ramos Reyes, A. (2011). Microwave-induced water flow in a microchannel built on a coplanar waveguide. Journal of Applied Physics, 110 (6), 064912.|