Lived Experiences of African Migrants Crossing the Strait of Gibraltar to Europe: A Cross-Cultural Approach to Healthcare from a Qualitative Methodology
|Author/s||Ponce Blandón, José Antonio
Romero Castillo, Rocío
Jiménez Picón, Nerea
Palomo Lara, Juan Carlos
Castro Méndez, Aurora
Pabón Carrasco, Manuel
|Department||Universidad de Sevilla. Departamento de Enfermería
Universidad de Sevilla. Departamento de Podología
|Abstract||The migratory flow from the African continent to Europe is intense and
the European countries should apply a humanitarian, health and social response to this emerging
problem. Migrants coming from Africa to Europe are a ...
The migratory flow from the African continent to Europe is intense and the European countries should apply a humanitarian, health and social response to this emerging problem. Migrants coming from Africa to Europe are a very vulnerable population. Healthcare professionals should be prepared for answering their needs from a transcultural approach, which requires a better understanding of this phenomenon. Thus, the aim of this study was to improve nursing and healthcare professionals’ awareness and better understanding of migrant life experiences during the migration journey. An exploratory descriptive qualitative research was conducted. In depth interviews were conducted involving four key informants and content analysis were performed with the transcriptions. Results: Three themes merged: life situations in their countries of origin; motivations that led them to undertake the migratory journey; and experiences they lived during the migratory journey. The results described the dramatic experience and motivations for crossing the strait of Gibraltar from Africa to Europe, including feelings, fears, hopes and lived experiences. The determination of immigrants to fight for a better life opportunity and the physical damage and psychological consequences they suffer were revealed. Conclusions: This study would help healthcare professionals to better understand this complex reality and deliver culturally adapted care. Knowledge of the starting reality of these populations can help health professionals to incorporate a cross-cultural approach that improves the relational, ethical and affective competences to provide quality care to the migrant population, as well as the development of health measures to fight against inequalities suffered by these population groups.
|Citation||Ponce Blandón, J.A., Romero Castillo, R., Jiménez Picón, N., Palomo Lara, J.C., Castro Méndez, A. y Pabón Carrasco, M. (2021). Lived Experiences of African Migrants Crossing the Strait of Gibraltar to Europe: A Cross-Cultural Approach to Healthcare from a Qualitative Methodology. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 18 (17), 9379. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18179379.|
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