Now showing items 1-8 of 8
Low pO2 selectively inhibits K channel activity in chemoreceptor cells of the mammalian carotid body
The hypothesis that changes in environmental O2 tension (pO2) could affect the ionic conductances of dissociated type I cells of the carotid body was tested. Cells were subjected to whole-cell patch clamp and ionic currents ...
Oxygen-sensitive calcium channels in vascular smooth muscle and their possible role in hypoxic arterial relaxation
We have investigated the modifications of cytosolic [Ca2+] and the activity of Ca2+ channels in freshly dispersed arterial myocytes to test whether lowering 02 tension (P02) directly influences Ca2+ homeostasis in these ...
Hypoxia induces voltage-dependent Ca2+ entry and quantal dopamine secretion in carotid body glomus cells
We have investigated the changes of cytosolic [Ca2+1 and the secretory -activity in single glomus cells dispersed from rabbit carotid bodies during exposure to solutions with variable 02 tension (Po2). In normoxic conditions ...
Ionic currents in dispersed chemoreceptor cells of the mammalian carotid body
Ionic currents of enzymatically dispersed type I and type II cells of the carotid body have been studied using the whole cell variant of the patch-clamp technique. Type II cells only have a tiny, slowly activating outward ...
Oxygen sensing by ion channels and chemotransduction in single glomus cells
We have monitored cytosolic [Ca2+] and dopamine release in intact fura-2-loaded glomus cells with microfluoroimetry and a polarized carbon fiber electrode. Exposure to low PO2 produced a rise of cytosolic [Ca2+] with two ...
Properties of Calcium and Potassium Currents of Clonal Adrenocortical Cells
The ionic currents of clonal Y-1 adrenocortical cells were studied using the whole-cell variant of the patch-clamp technique. These cells had two major current components: a large outward current carried by K ions, and a ...
Metabotropic Ca2+ channel-induced Ca2+ release and ATP-dependent facilitation of arterial myocyte contraction
Voltage-gated Ca2_ channels in arterial myocytes can mediate Ca2_ release from the sarcoplasmic reticulum and, thus, induce contraction without the need of extracellular Ca2_ influx. This metabotropic action of Ca2_ channels ...
PKCα-Mediated Downregulation of RhoA Activity in Depolarized Vascular Smooth Muscle: Synergistic Vasorelaxant Effect of PKCα and ROCK Inhibition
Background/Aims: Protein kinase C (PKC)- and RhoA/Rho-associated kinase (ROCK) play important roles in arterial sustained contraction. Although depolarization-elicited RhoA/ROCK activation is accepted, the role of PKC ...