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Pragmatic failure, epistemic injustice and epistemic vigilance


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Author: Padilla Cruz, Manuel
Department: Universidad de Sevilla. Departamento de Filología Inglesa (Lengua Inglesa)
Date: 2014
Published in: Language & Communication, 39, 34–50
Document type: Article
Abstract: Stemming from real or seeming incompetence, the pragmatic failures L2 learners and LF speakers often commit may lead to stereotyping and negative labelling as a consequence of hearers' mindreading abilities and relevance-driven interpretation of communicative behaviour. Pragmatic incompetence may incite hearers to erroneously attribute beliefs, intentions or feelings to speakers because of lowered epistemic vigilance and to sustain a specific type of epistemic injustice, which, borrowing from social epistemology, is here labelled pragmatic-hermeneutical injustice. Pragmatic-hermeneutical injustices could be avoided or overcome if hearers' vigilance triggered a shift of processing strategy from naïve optimism to cautious optimism.
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DOI: 10.1016/j.langcom.2014.08.002

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