Proposed research for innovative solutions for chickpeas and beans in a climate change scenario: The Mediterranean basin
Ollero Márquez, Francisco Javier
Pérez Montaño, Francisco de Asís
|Department||Universidad de Sevilla. Departamento de Microbiología|
|Abstract||In order to gain insight into the complex molecular networks driving legume adaptation caused by climate change, it is necessary to deeply characterize the existing germplasm in response to the environmental constraint ...
In order to gain insight into the complex molecular networks driving legume adaptation caused by climate change, it is necessary to deeply characterize the existing germplasm in response to the environmental constraint predicted to worsen in the near future: drought. In this study, we propose to perform a three-year deep agronomic characterization of local genotypes of selected legumes in abiotic stressing conditions through controlled and field experiments conducted in several countries of the Mediterranean basin (Italy, Spain, Algeria, Tunisia, Turkey, Lebanon, and Croatia). These phenotypic analyses will be integrated with a multi-omic approach aiming at identifying the key players involved in the modulation of the analyzed traits that includes the analysis of the plant methylome, transcriptome, and proteome. Following this approach, we propose to deliver epigenomic markers linked with rapid adaptation mechanisms in response to drought. Besides, new genetic variability by breeding could be created in stressing conditions and produce the basis for the obtainment of more productive cultivars in worsening environments. The epigenetic marks identified in "omic" activities will be validated in molecular marker-assisted selection in F2-F4 populations. Finally, specific rhizobia strains for the best evaluated genotypes will be identified in order to enhance symbiotic nitrogen fixation in drought stress conditions with selected cultivars.
|Citation||Martinelli, F., Ollero Márquez, F.J., Giovino, A., Perrone, A., Bekki, A., Sikora, S. y Pérez Montaño, F.d.A. (2020). Proposed research for innovative solutions for chickpeas and beans in a climate change scenario: The Mediterranean basin. Sustainability, 12 (4), 1315.|