Neurotoxic assessment of Microcystin-LR, cylindrospermopsin andtheir combination on the human neuroblastoma SH-SY5Y cell line
|Author/s||Hinojosa Hidalgo, María Gracia
Prieto Ortega, Ana Isabel
Moreno Onorato, Francisco Javier
Cameán Fernández, Ana María
Jos Gallego, Ángeles Mencía
|Department||Universidad de Sevilla. Departamento de Nutrición y Bromatología, Toxicología y Medicina Legal
Universidad de Sevilla. Departamento de Biología Celular
|Abstract||Microcystin-LR (MC-LR) and Cylindrospermopsin (CYN) are produced by cyanobacteria. Although being considered as a hepatotoxin and a cytotoxin, respectively, different studies have revealed neurotoxic properties for both ...
Microcystin-LR (MC-LR) and Cylindrospermopsin (CYN) are produced by cyanobacteria. Although being considered as a hepatotoxin and a cytotoxin, respectively, different studies have revealed neurotoxic properties for both of them. The aim of the present work was to study their cytotoxic effects, alone and in combination, in the SH-SY5Y cell line. In addition, toxicity mechanisms such as oxidative stress and acetylcholinesterase (AChE) activity, and morphological studies were carried out. Results showed a cytotoxic response of the cells after their exposure to 0–100 μg/mL of MC-LR or 0–10 μg/mL CYN in both differentiated and undifferentiated cells. Thus, CYN resulted to be more toxic than MC-LR. Respect to their combination, a higher cytotoxic effect than the toxins alone in the case of undifferentiated cells, and almost a similar response to the presented by MC-LR in differentiated cells were observed. However, after analyzing this data with the isobolograms method, an antagonistic effect was mainly obtained. The oxidative stress study only showed an affectation of glutathione levels at the highest concentrations assayed of MC-LR and the combination in the undifferentiated cells. A significant increase in the AChE activity was observed after exposure to MC-LR in undifferentiated cells, and after exposure to the combination of both cyanotoxins on differentiated cells. However, CYN decreased the AChE activity only on differentiated cultures. Finally, the morphological study revealed different signs of cellular affectation, with apoptotic processes at all the concentrations assayed. Therefore, both cyanotoxins isolated and in combination, have demonstrated to cause neurotoxic effects in the SH-SY5Y cell line.
|Citation||Hinojosa Hidalgo, M.G., Prieto Ortega, A.I., Gutiérrez-Praena, D., Moreno Onorato, F.J., Cameán Fernández, A.M. y Jos Gallego, Á.M. (2019). Neurotoxic assessment of Microcystin-LR, cylindrospermopsin andtheir combination on the human neuroblastoma SH-SY5Y cell line. Chemosphere, 224, 751-764.|