Capability of the Invasive Tree Prosopis glandulosa Torr. to Remediate Soil Treated with Sewage Sludge
|Author||Abbas, Ahmed Mahmoud
Abd Elmabod, Sameh Kotb Mohamed
El Ashry, Soad M.
Saber Soliman, Wagdi
El Tayeh, Noha
Castillo Segura, Jesús Manuel
|Department||Universidad de Sevilla. Departamento de Biología Vegetal y Ecología|
|Published in||Sustainability, 11 (9), 2711.|
|Abstract||Sewage sludge improves agricultural soil and plant growth, but there are hazards associated
with its use, including high metal(loid) contents. An experimental study was conducted under
greenhouse conditions to examine ...
Sewage sludge improves agricultural soil and plant growth, but there are hazards associated with its use, including high metal(loid) contents. An experimental study was conducted under greenhouse conditions to examine the effects of sewage sludge on growth of the invasive tree Prosopis glandulosa, as well as to determine its phytoremediation capacity. Plants were established and grown for seven months along a gradient of sewage sludge content. Plant traits, soil properties, and plant and soil concentrations of N, P, K, Cd, Pb, Cu, Ni, Zn, Cr, Co, As, and Fe were recorded. The addition of sewage sludge led to a significant decrease in soil pH, and Ni, Co, and As concentrations, as well as an increase in soil organic matter and the concentrations of N, P, Cu, Zn, and Cr. Increasing sewage sludge content in the growth medium raised the total uptake of most metals by P. glandulosa plants due to higher biomass accumulation (taller plants with more leaves) and higher metal concentrations in the plant tissues. P. glandulosa concentrated more Cd, Pb, Cu, Zn, and Fe in its below-ground biomass (BGB) than in its above-ground biomass (AGB). P. glandulosa concentrated Ni, Co, and As in both BGB and AGB. P. glandulosa has potential as a biotool for the phytoremediation of sewage sludges and sewage-amended soils in arid and semi-arid environments, with a potential accumulation capability for As in plant leaves.
|Cite||Abbas, A.M., Abd Elmabod, S.K.M., El Ashry, S.M., Saber Soliman, W., El Tayeh, N. y Castillo Segura, J.M. (2019). Capability of the Invasive Tree Prosopis glandulosa Torr. to Remediate Soil Treated with Sewage Sludge. Sustainability, 11 (9), 2711.|