Applying Renewable Energy Technologies in an Integrated Optimization Method for Residential Building’s Design
|Aparicio Ruiz, Pablo
Guadix Martín, José
Barbadilla Martín, Elena
|Universidad de Sevilla. Departamento de Organización Industrial y Gestión de Empresas II
|Designing a Zero Energy Building (ZEB) requires an optimal choice of the materials
of a building envelope. Different material properties and window areas could be selected to
generate a set of possibilities of the design ...
Designing a Zero Energy Building (ZEB) requires an optimal choice of the materials of a building envelope. Different material properties and window areas could be selected to generate a set of possibilities of the design of a building, being the demand defined by its thermal characteristics. The energy demand of a building could be produced with renewable systems such as photovoltaic. Moreover, the HVAC (Heating, Ventilation, and Air Conditioning) systems could be selected considering the system cost. The present methodology focuses on finding a balance between investment and low energy consumption for a building, based on an integrated optimization method. Such methodology applies a Tabu search algorithm and a simplified model to select the passive design. Afterwards, active elements of the design, as photovoltaic systems, are selected. Therefore, the methodology faces the problem of estimating the annual energy demand and the life cycle cost. The goal is the design of a building with a large amount of energy generated by renewable energy, to have a ZEB, and in the worst case, a nearly Zero Energy Building (nZEB). This methodology reduces investment, reduces the energy demand and selects the best construction materials, renewable energy, and air conditioning system. The present paper analyzes a set of case studies considering different climatic zones in Spain. The results conclude that the methodology could help builders in the design stage, to find a new design that allows a ZEB with the optimal life cycle cost.
|Aparicio Ruiz, P., Guadix-Martín, J., Barbadilla-Martín, E. y Muñuzuri-Sanz, J. (2019). Applying Renewable Energy Technologies in an Integrated Optimization Method for Residential Building’s Design. Applied Sciences, 9 (3)