Two novel therapies for the treatment of type 1 diabetes mellitus.
|Author||Herrera Gómez, Irene de Gracia|
|Director||García Toscano, Miguel
Gauthier, Benoit R.
|Department||Universidad de Sevilla. Departamento de Fisiología Médica y Biofísica|
|Document type||PhD Thesis|
|Abstract||Type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) is caused by an autoimmune destruction of islet β cells. Current treatments are based on replacement therapy using insulin analogs but, due to the impossibility to simulate physiological ...
Type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) is caused by an autoimmune destruction of islet β cells. Current treatments are based on replacement therapy using insulin analogs but, due to the impossibility to simulate physiological glucose control, it leads to diabetes complications. Thus, novel treatments are required. As a difference of what happens with the immunosuppressor therapy, which have limited clinical efficacy, the induction of antigen specific tolerance (AST) can specifically block the activation of autoreactive T cells, preserving the survival and function of the pancreatic β cells and preventing the development of T1DM. Here, two different strategies are followed, in order to induce a tolerogenic environment. The expression of the self-Ag insulin under non-inflammatory conditions, using the SV40 background allows the restoration of the AST in the RIPB7.1 mouse model. Also, the protective role in pancreatic islets of the liver receptor homologue 1 (LRH1) against apoptosis was considered, as well as the prevention of hyperglycemia in T1DM mouse models by the induction of an anti-inflammatory environment promoted by the LRH1 agonist BL001. However, the limitations of BL001 as potential medication prompted us to develop an in vitro drug-screening platform that allowed the identification of two novel LRH1 agonists, BL002 and BL003. These non-toxic agonists protect mouse islets from cytokines-induced apoptosis, improving their survival. Thus, the AST induced by SV40 vector as well as the new generation of LRH1 agonists BL002 and BL003 must be considered as two promising therapies for the treatment of T1DM.
|Cite||Herrera Gómez, I.d.G. (209-). Two novel therapies for the treatment of type 1 diabetes mellitus.. (Tesis Doctoral Inédita). Universidad de Sevilla, Sevilla.|