Disentangling the attention network test: behavioral, event related potentials, and neural source analyses
|Author||Galvao Carmona, Alejandro
González Rosa, Javier
Hidalgo Muñoz, Antonio Rafael
Páramo Camino, María Dolores
Benítez Lugo, Mª Luisa
Izquierdo Ayuso, Guillermo
Vázquez Marrufo, Manuel
|Department||Universidad de Sevilla. Departamento de Psicología Experimental
Universidad de Sevilla. Departamento de Fisioterapia
|Published in||Frontiers in Human Neuroscience, 8, 1-16.|
|Abstract||Background: The study of the attentional system remains a challenge for current neuroscience. The “Attention Network Test” (ANT) was designed to study simultaneously three different attentional networks (alerting, orienting, ...
Background: The study of the attentional system remains a challenge for current neuroscience. The “Attention Network Test” (ANT) was designed to study simultaneously three different attentional networks (alerting, orienting, and executive) based in subtraction of different experimental conditions. However, some studies recommend caution with these calculations due to the interactions between the attentional networks. In particular, it is highly relevant that several interpretations about attentional impairment have arisen from these calculations in diverse pathologies. Event related potentials (ERPs) and neural source analysis can be applied to disentangle the relationships between these attentional networks not specifically shown by behavioral measures. Results: This study shows that there is a basic level of alerting (tonic alerting) in the no cue (NC) condition, represented by a slow negative trend in the ERP trace prior to the onset of the target stimuli. A progressive increase in the CNV amplitude related to the amount of information provided by the cue conditions is also shown. Neural source analysis reveals specific modulations of the CNV related to a task-related expectancy presented in the NC condition; a late modulation triggered by the central cue (CC) condition and probably representing a generic motor preparation; and an early and late modulation for spatial cue (SC) condition suggesting specific motor and sensory preactivation. Finally, the first component in the information processing of the target stimuli modulated by the interaction between orienting network and the executive system can be represented by N1. Conclusions: The ANT is useful as a paradigm to study specific attentional mechanisms and their interactions. However, calculation of network effects is based in subtractions with non-comparable experimental conditions, as evidenced by the present data, which can induce misinterpretations in the study of the attentional capacity in human subjects.
|Cite||Galvao Carmona, A., González Rosa, J., Hidalgo Muñoz, A.R., Páramo Camino, M.D., Benítez Lugo, M.L., Izquierdo Ayuso, G. y Vázquez Marrufo, M. (2014). Disentangling the attention network test: behavioral, event related potentials, and neural source analyses. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience, 8, 1-16.|