Cytochrome c550 in the cyanobacterium Thermosynechococcus elongatus: Study of redox mutants
|Author||Kirilovsky, Diana L.
Roncel Gil, Mercedes
Boussac, Alain G P
Zurita, Jorge L.
Ducruet, Jean Marc R C
Ortega Rodríguez, José María
Rutherford, Alfred William
|Department||Universidad de Sevilla. Departamento de Bioquímica Vegetal y Biología Molecular|
|Published in||Journal of Biological Chemistry, 279 (51), 52869-52880|
|Abstract||Cytochrome c550 is one of the extrinsic Photosystem II subunits in cyanobacteria and red algae. To study the possible role of the heme of the cytochrome c550 we constructed two mutants of Thermosynechococcus elongatus in ...
Cytochrome c550 is one of the extrinsic Photosystem II subunits in cyanobacteria and red algae. To study the possible role of the heme of the cytochrome c550 we constructed two mutants of Thermosynechococcus elongatus in which the residue His-92, the sixth ligand of the heme, was replaced by a Met or a Cys in order to modify the redox properties of the heme. The H92M and H92C mutations changed the midpoint redox potential of the heme in the isolated cytochrome by +125 mV and –30 mV, respectively, compared with the wild type. The binding-induced increase of the redox potential observed in the wild type and the H92C mutant was absent in the H92M mutant. Both modified cytochromes were more easily detachable from the Photosystem II compared with the wild type. The Photosystem II activity in cells was not modified by the mutations suggesting that the redox potential of the cytochrome c550 is not important for Photosystem II activity under normal growth conditions. A mutant lacking the cytochrome c550 was also constructed. It showed a lowered affinity for Cl– and Ca2+ as reported earlier for the cytochrome c550-less Synechocystis 6803 mutant, but it showed a shorter lived Formula state, rather than a stabilized S2 state and rapid deactivation of the enzyme in the dark, which were characteristic of the Synechocystis mutant. It is suggested that the latter effects may be caused by loss (or weaker binding) of the other extrinsic proteins rather than a direct effect of the absence of the cytochrome c550