Magnetocaloric effect and refrigerant capacity in Sr-doped Eu8 Ga16 Ge30 type-I clathrates
|Author||Franco García, Victorino
Phan, Manh Huong
|Department||Universidad de Sevilla. Departamento de Física de la Materia Condensada|
|Published in||Journal of Applied Physics, 107, 09A910|
|Abstract||Magnetic properties, the magnetocaloric effect (MCE) and refrigerant capacity (RC) were investigated in Eu8Sr8−xGa16Ge30 (x=0,4) type-I clathrates. The substitution of Sr for Eu decreases the Curie temperature (TC) and ...
Magnetic properties, the magnetocaloric effect (MCE) and refrigerant capacity (RC) were investigated in Eu8Sr8−xGa16Ge30 (x=0,4) type-I clathrates. The substitution of Sr for Eu decreases the Curie temperature (TC) and saturation magnetization (MS) from 35 K and 65 emu/g for the x = 0 composition to 15 K and 35 emu/g for the x = 4 composition. This is attributed to the increase in the Eu–Eu distance with Sr substitution. The large MCE and RC are achieved in both specimens. For a field change of 3 T, the MCE and RC reach the largest values of 5.8 J / kg K and 127.6 J/kg for x = 0 composition and 4.3 J / kg K and 72.1 J/kg for x = 4 composition. The broadening of the MCE curves is likely associated with the ordering of the magnetic moments of Eu that occurs below 10 K. The large values of MCE and RC, in addition to the absence of thermal and field hysteresis indicate that these clathrate materials are very interesting for cryogenic magnetic refrigeration applications.