Continuity of Lyapunov Functions and of Energy Level for a Generalized Gradient Semigroup
|Author||Aragão Costa, Eder Ritis
Caraballo Garrido, Tomás
Carvalho, Alexandre Nolasco
Langa Rosado, José Antonio
|Department||Universidad de Sevilla. Departamento de Ecuaciones Diferenciales y Análisis Numérico|
|Published in||Topological Methods In Nonlinear Analysis, 39 57-82|
|Abstract||The global attractor of a gradient-like semigroup has a Morse decomposition. Associated to this Morse decomposition there is a Lyapunov function (di erentiable along solutions)-de ned on the whole phase space- which proves ...
The global attractor of a gradient-like semigroup has a Morse decomposition. Associated to this Morse decomposition there is a Lyapunov function (di erentiable along solutions)-de ned on the whole phase space- which proves relevant information on the structure of the attractor. In this paper we prove the continuity of these Lyapunov functions under perturbation. On the other hand, the attractor of a gradient-like semigroup also has an energy level decomposition which is again a Morse decomposition but with a total order between any two components. We claim that, from a dynamical point of view, this is the optimal decomposition of a global attractor; that is, if we start from the nest Morse decomposition, the energy level decomposition is the coarsest Morse decomposition that still produces a Lyapunov function which gives the same information about the structure of the attractor. We also establish su cient conditions which ensure the stability of this kind of decomposition under perturbation. In particular, if connections between di erent isolated invariant sets inside the attractor remain under perturbation, we show the continuity of the energy level Morse decomposition. The class of Morse-Smale systems illustrates our results.