MDC1 maintains active elongation complexes of RNA polymerase II
Munk, Sebastian Howen Nesgaard
Gram, Helena Hagner
Gómez Cabello, Daniel
|Universidad de Sevilla. Departamento de Biología Celular
|The role of MDC1 in the DNA damage response has been extensively studied; however, its impact on other cellular processes is not well understood. Here, we describe the role of MDC1 in transcription as a regulator of RNA ...
The role of MDC1 in the DNA damage response has been extensively studied; however, its impact on other cellular processes is not well understood. Here, we describe the role of MDC1 in transcription as a regulator of RNA polymerase II (RNAPII). Depletion of MDC1 causes a genome-wide reduction in the abundance of actively engaged RNAPII elongation complexes throughout the gene body of protein-encoding genes under unperturbed conditions. Decreased engaged RNAPII subsequently alters the assembly of the spliceosome complex on chromatin, leading to changes in pre-mRNA splicing. Mechanistically, the S/TQ domain of MDC1 modulates RNAPII-mediated transcription. Upon genotoxic stress, MDC1 promotes the abundance of engaged RNAPII complexes at DNA breaks, thereby stimulating nascent transcription at the damaged sites. Of clinical relevance, cancer cells lacking MDC1 display hypersensitivity to RNAPII inhibitors. Overall, we unveil a role of MDC1 in RNAPII-mediated transcription with potential implications for cancer treatment.
|European Union (UE)
Danish Cancer Society. Denmark
Novo Nordisk Foundation
Swedish Research Council
Danish Council for Independent Research. Denmark
Japan Society for the Promotion of Science (JSPS)
Independent Research Fund Denmark
|Pappas, G., Munk, S.H.N., Watanabe, K., Thomas, Q., Gal, Z., Gram, H.H.,...,Bartek, J. (2023). MDC1 maintains active elongation complexes of RNA polymerase II. Cell Reports, 42 (1), 111979. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.celrep.2022.111979.