Magnetic Nanoparticles as MRI Contrast Agents
Pozo Torres, Esther
Pernia Leal, Manuel
García-Martín, María Luisa
|Department||Universidad de Sevilla. Departamento de Química Orgánica y Farmacéutica|
|Abstract||Iron oxide nanoparticles (IONPs) have emerged as a promising alternative to conventional contrast agents (CAs) for magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). They have been extensively investigated as CAs due to their high ...
Iron oxide nanoparticles (IONPs) have emerged as a promising alternative to conventional contrast agents (CAs) for magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). They have been extensively investigated as CAs due to their high biocompatibility and excellent magnetic properties. Furthermore, the ease of functionalization of their surfaces with different types of ligands (antibodies, peptides, sugars, etc.) opens up the possibility of carrying out molecular MRI. Thus, IONPs functionalized with epithelial growth factor receptor antibodies, short peptides, like RGD, or aptamers, among others, have been proposed for the diagnosis of various types of cancer, including breast, stomach, colon, kidney, liver or brain cancer. In addition to cancer diagnosis, different types of IONPs have been developed for other applications, such as the detection of brain inflammation or the early diagnosis of thrombosis. This review addresses key aspects in the development of IONPs for MRI applications, namely, synthesis of the inorganic core, functionalization processes to make IONPs biocompatible and also to target them to specific tissues or cells, and finally in vivo studies in animal models, with special emphasis on tumor models.
|Funding agencies||Ministerio de Ciencia, Innovación y Universidades (MICINN). España|
|Citation||Avasthi, A., Caro, C., Pozo Torres, E., Pernia Leal, M. y García-Martín, M.L. (2020). Magnetic Nanoparticles as MRI Contrast Agents. Topics in Current Chemistry, 378 (3), 40.|