Biocompatible and Thermoresistant Hydrogels Based on Collagen and Chitosan
|Author/s||Sánchez Cid, Pablo
Rubio Valle, José Fernando
Romero García, Alberto
Ostos Marcos, Francisco José
Rafii-El-Idrissi Benhnia, Mohammed
Pérez-Puyana, Víctor Manuel
|Department||Universidad de Sevilla. Departamento de Ingeniería Química|
|Abstract||Hydrogels are considered good biomaterials for soft tissue regeneration. In this sense, collagen is the most used raw material to develop hydrogels, due to its high biocompatibility. However, its low mechanical resistance, ...
Hydrogels are considered good biomaterials for soft tissue regeneration. In this sense, collagen is the most used raw material to develop hydrogels, due to its high biocompatibility. However, its low mechanical resistance, thermal stability and pH instability have generated the need to look for alternatives to its use. In this sense, the combination of collagen with another raw material (i.e., polysaccharides) can improve the final properties of hydrogels. For this reason, the main objective of this work was the development of hydrogels based on collagen and chitosan. The mechanical, thermal and microstructural properties of the hydrogels formed with different ratios of collagen/chitosan (100/0, 75/25, 50/50, 25/75 and 0/100) were evaluated after being processed by two variants of a protocol consisting in two stages: a pH change towards pH 7 and a temperature drop towards 4 °C. The main results showed that depending on the protocol, the physicochemical and microstructural properties of the hybrid hydrogels were similar to the unitary system depending on the stage carried out in first place, obtaining FTIR peaks with similar intensity or a more porous structure when chitosan was first gelled, instead of collagen. As a conclusion, the synergy between collagen and chitosan improved the properties of the hydrogels, showing good thermomechanical properties and cell viability to be used as potential biomaterials for Tissue Engineering.
|Citation||Sánchez Cid, P., Jiménez-Rosado, M., Rubio Valle, J.F., Romero García, A., Ostos Marcos, F.J., Rafii-El-Idrissi Benhnia, M. y Pérez-Puyana, V.M. (2022). Biocompatible and Thermoresistant Hydrogels Based on Collagen and Chitosan. Polymers, 14 (2), 272.|