In vitro assessment of the combination of cylindrospermopsin and the organophosphate chlorpyrifos on the human neuroblastoma SH-SY5Y cell line
|Author/s||Hinojosa Hidalgo, María Gracia
Prieto Ortega, Ana Isabel
Moreno Onorato, Francisco Javier
Cameán Fernández, Ana María
Jos Gallego, Ángeles Mencía
|Department||Universidad de Sevilla. Departamento de Nutrición y Bromatología, Toxicología y Medicina Legal
Universidad de Sevilla. Departamento de Biología Celular
|Abstract||Cylindrospermopsin (CYN) is a cyanotoxicant which occurrence is increasing due to climate change. Cylindrospermopsin is able to exert damage in the organism at several levels, among them, in the nervous system. Moreover, ...
Cylindrospermopsin (CYN) is a cyanotoxicant which occurrence is increasing due to climate change. Cylindrospermopsin is able to exert damage in the organism at several levels, among them, in the nervous system. Moreover, it is important to take into account that it is not usually present isolated in nature, but in combination with some other pollutants, being the case of the pesticide chlorpyrifos (CPF). Thus, the aim of the present work was to assess the effects of the interaction of CYN in combination with CPF in the human neuroblastoma cell line SH-SY5Y by evaluating cytotoxicity and mechanistic endpoints. The mixtures 0.25 + 21, 0.5 + 42, 1 + 84 μg/mL of CYN + CPF based on cytotoxicity results, were evaluated, and the isobologram method detected an antagonistic effect after 24 and 48 h of exposure. Moreover, although no alterations of reactive oxygen species were detected, a significant decrease of glutathione levels was observed after exposure to both, CPF alone and the combination, at all the concentrations and times of exposure assayed. In addition, CYN + CPF caused a marked decrease in the acetylcholinesterase activity, providing similar values to CPF alone. However, these effects were less severe than expected. All these findings, together with the morphological study results, point out that it is important to take into account the interaction of CYN with other pollutants. Further research is required to contribute to the risk assessment of CYN and other contaminants considering more realistic exposure scenarios.
|Funding agencies||Ministerio de Economía y Competitividad (MINECO). España|
|Project ID.||AGL 2015-64558-R|
|Citation||Hinojosa Hidalgo, M.G., Prieto Ortega, A.I., Gutiérrez-Praena, D., Moreno Onorato, F.J., Cameán Fernández, A.M. y Jos Gallego, Á.M. (2020). In vitro assessment of the combination of cylindrospermopsin and the organophosphate chlorpyrifos on the human neuroblastoma SH-SY5Y cell line. Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety, 191, 110222.|