Prolyl Hydroxylase-dependent Modulation of Eukaryotic Elongation Factor 2 Activity and Protein Translation under Acute Hypoxia
Heras Garvín, Antonio
Castellano Orozco, Antonio Gonzalo
López Barneo, José
|Department||Universidad de Sevilla. Departamento de Fisiología Médica y Biofísica|
|Abstract||Early adaptive responses to hypoxia are essential for cell survival, but their nature and underlying mechanisms are poorly known. We have studied the post-transcriptional changes in the proteome of mammalian cells elicited ...
Early adaptive responses to hypoxia are essential for cell survival, but their nature and underlying mechanisms are poorly known. We have studied the post-transcriptional changes in the proteome of mammalian cells elicited by acute hypoxia and found that phosphorylation of eukaryotic elongation factor 2 (eEF2), a ribosomal translocase whose phosphorylation inhibits protein synthesis, is under the precise and reversible control of O(2) tension. Upon exposure to hypoxia, phosphorylation of eEF2 at Thr(56) occurred rapidly (<15 min) and resulted in modest translational arrest, a fundamental homeostatic response to hypoxia that spares ATP and thus facilitates cell survival. Acute inhibitory eEF2 phosphorylation occurred without ATP depletion or AMP kinase activation. Furthermore, eEF2 phosphorylation was mimicked by prolyl hydroxylase (PHD) inhibition with dimethyloxalylglycine or by selective PHD2 siRNA silencing but was independent of hypoxia-inducible factor α stabilization. Moreover, overexpression of PHD2 blocked hypoxic accumulation of phosphorylated eEF2. Therefore, our findings suggest that eEF2 phosphorylation status (and, as a consequence, translation rate) is controlled by PHD2 activity. They unravel a novel pathway for cell adaptation to hypoxia that could have pathophysiologic relevance in tissue ischemia and cancer.
|Citation||Romero-Ruiz, A., Bautista, L., Navarro, V., Heras Garvín, A., March Díaz, R.R., Castellano Orozco, A.G.,...,Pascual, A. (2012). Prolyl Hydroxylase-dependent Modulation of Eukaryotic Elongation Factor 2 Activity and Protein Translation under Acute Hypoxia. Journal Of Biological Chemistry, 287 (12), 9651-9658.|
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