Effectiveness of silicon platelet-rich fibrin and autologous bone on bone regeneration in rabbit calvarian defects: a radiological and histological study
Rodríguez Gelfenstein, Iván
Serrera Figallo, María de los Ángeles
|Department||Universidad de Sevilla. Departamento de Estomatología|
|Abstract||Repairing bone defects in oral surgery often requires the use of bone regeneration techniques. Silicon is an element that has been employed as regeneration material in several studies. In
our study, silicon was combined ...
Repairing bone defects in oral surgery often requires the use of bone regeneration techniques. Silicon is an element that has been employed as regeneration material in several studies. In our study, silicon was combined with autologous bone and platelet-rich fibrin (PRF) membranes to analyse the behaviour of this element in bone regeneration. Four circumferential defects were created in the cranial vault of five New Zealand rabbits. The following elements were applied to the regeneration of the defects: (P): PRF; (S): silicon and (B): autologous bone, with the following distribution of study groups: Group 1 (PSB); Group 2 (PS); Group 3 (SB) and Group 4 (CONTROL): unregenerate group. The animals were sacrificed after 3 weeks. Computed microtomography studies (µ-CT) were carried out, as well as histomorphometric ones. The ANOVA statistical test was used with a Bonferroni post-hoc test to compare the results (p ≤ 0.05). Radiologically, groups PSB and SB were better as far as quantity and percentage of healthy bone observed, but not significantly compared to the control group. The PS group was significantly worse. The histological test revealed that the PSB group was the one to present the largest area, percentage and perimeter of mineralised bone. On evaluating the forming bone (osteoid), no difference was observed across the groups with the exception of the bone perimeter, where the SB group was significantly better. The bone height variable showed no significant differences. In conclusion we can state that the combination of PRF, autologous bone and silicon provides good results at 3 weeks whilst the PS group shows the worst results. This highlights the importance of autologous bone forming part of the graft material in order for the bone to mineralise.
|Citation||Hernández-Suarez, A., Rizo-Gorrita, M., Suárez-Vega, D., Velazco, G., Rodríguez Gelfenstein, I., Serrera Figallo, M.d.l.Á. y Torres-Lagares, D. (2021). Effectiveness of silicon platelet-rich fibrin and autologous bone on bone regeneration in rabbit calvarian defects: a radiological and histological study. Applied sciences-basel, 11 (9)|
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