The production of viscoelastic capillary jets with gaseous flow focusing
Montanero, J. M.
Vega, Emilio J.
Gañán-Calvo, Alfonso M.
|Department||Universidad de Sevilla. Departamento de Ingeniería Aeroespacial y Mecánica de Fluidos|
|Abstract||The production of viscoelastic capillary jets with gaseous flow focusing is studied experimentally. In this technique, the liquid is injected at a constant flow rate through a feeding capillary located in front of the ...
The production of viscoelastic capillary jets with gaseous flow focusing is studied experimentally. In this technique, the liquid is injected at a constant flow rate through a feeding capillary located in front of the discharge orifice. A gas stream coflows with the jet across the orifice driven by a constant pressure drop. The gas stream sucks and drags the liquid, reducing the jet's diameter well below the orifice diameter. Because of the rheological nature of the liquid, this focusing phenomenon differs from the Newtonian one in several regards. For given values of the polymer concentration, the injected flow rate, and the applied pressure drop, there is an interval of the capillary-to-orifice distance for which the jetting regime is reached. Outside that interval, the jet either suffers from the pull-out instability or breaks up before reaching the discharge orifice. Significant free surface oscillations can be observed in most of the jetting realizations. This oscillatory behavior is caused by a transient die swell effect which continuously appears right at the capillary exit. Ejection interrupts because the jet bulges to such an extent that the free surface pinches. Because of the stabilizing effect of the polymeric contribution to the axial stress, micrometer filaments with lengths up to 1 cm and Weber numbers on the order of 10-4 can be produced in front of the discharge orifice. The shear viscous stresses exerted on the emitted jet by the gas stream beyond the discharge orifice prevent the macromolecule recoiling. The resulting extensional viscosity inhibits the break-up process, and thus very long jets are produced.
|Project ID.||DPI2013- 46485
|Citation||Ponce-Torres, A., Montanero, J.M., Vega, E.J. y Gañán-Calvo, A.M. (2016). The production of viscoelastic capillary jets with gaseous flow focusing. Journal of Non-Newtonian Fluid Mechanics, 229, 8-15.|