Study of bone loss in bruxist patients wearing dental implant prostheses: A finite element analysis
Castillo de Oyagüe, Raquel
Serrera Figallo, María de los Ángeles
Gutiérrez Pérez, José Luis
|Department||Universidad de Sevilla. Departamento de Estomatología|
|Abstract||Bruxism is an unconscious, involuntary and sustained motor activity that results in excessive teeth grinding or jaw clenching that could affect patients’ implants and rehabilitations. The aetiology for bruxism remains ...
Bruxism is an unconscious, involuntary and sustained motor activity that results in excessive teeth grinding or jaw clenching that could affect patients’ implants and rehabilitations. The aetiology for bruxism remains unknown, but it is known to involve multiple factors. The literature lacks studies on the possible effect of implant morphology on the resistance of the bone-implant osseointegrated interface when bruxism is present. Our objective is to assess the mechanical response of the bone-implant interface in bruxist patients whose implant prostheses are subjected to parafunctional cyclic loading over a simulated period of 10 years. A comparison was carried out between two implant types (M-12 and Astra Tech), and a pattern of bone loss was established considering both the stress state and the cortical bone surface loss as the evaluation criteria. Numerical simulation techniques based on the finite element analysis method were applied in a dynamic analysis of the received forces, together with a constitutive model of bone remodelling that alters the physical properties of the bone. The simulated cortical bone surface loss at the implant neck area was 8.6% greater in the Astra implant than in the M-12 implant. Compared to the M-12 implant, the higher sustained stress observed over time in the Astra implant, together with the greater cortical bone surface loss that occurred at its neck area, may be related to the major probability of failure of the prostheses placed over Astra implants in bruxist patients.
|Cite||Oliveros-López, L., Castillo de Oyagüe, R., Serrera Figallo, M.d.l.Á., Martínez-González, Á., Pérez-Velasco, A., Torres-Lagares, D. y Gutiérrez Pérez, J.L. (2020). Study of bone loss in bruxist patients wearing dental implant prostheses: A finite element analysis. Metals, 10 (1132), 1-13.|