Oral Health Problems and Utilization of Dental Services among Spanish and Immigrant Children and Adolescents
|Author||Portero de la Cruz, Silvia
Cebrino Cruz, Jesús
|Department||Universidad de Sevilla. Departamento de Medicina Preventiva y Salud Pública|
|Abstract||Spanish and immigrant children and adolescents vary widely in their frequency of dental
visits and occurrence of dental problems. The aims of this study were to discover the prevalence of
dental problems and utilization ...
Spanish and immigrant children and adolescents vary widely in their frequency of dental visits and occurrence of dental problems. The aims of this study were to discover the prevalence of dental problems and utilization of dental services in the Spanish and immigrant child population, identify the type of treatment received, and analyze the socioeconomic and demographic variables which are associated with dental problems and non-regular utilization of dental services, based on data from the 2017 National Health Survey in Spain. The sample consisted of 4568 children aged between 3 and 14 years old. Utilization of dental services and dental problems were assessed against socioeconomic and demographic characteristics using logistic regression models. The prevalence of caries in Spanish children was 9.29% compared with 18.58% (p < 0.001) in their immigrant counterparts. The most common reason for dental visits was a check-up (Spanish: 65.05%; immigrants: 54.94%). In both groups, from the age of 7, there was a lower probability of non-regular utilization of dental services, although this increased when the social class was lower. The probability of presenting dental problems was lower in Spanish children living in towns with over 10,000 inhabitants and was higher, in both groups, over the age of 7 and in lower social classes.
|Citation||Portero de la Cruz, S. y Cebrino Cruz, J. (2020). Oral Health Problems and Utilization of Dental Services among Spanish and Immigrant Children and Adolescents. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 17 (3)|