Effectiveness of vestibular training for balance and dizziness rehabilitation in people with multiple sclerosis: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis
Cortés Vega, María Dolores
Heredia Rizo, Alberto Marcos
Martín Valero, Rocío
Casuso-Holgado, María Jesús
|Department||Universidad de Sevilla. Departamento de Fisioterapia|
|Abstract||Postural instability and dizziness are commonly observed in people with multiple
sclerosis (PwMS). The aim of this systematic review was to evaluate the evidence for the use
of vestibular rehabilitation, in comparison ...
Postural instability and dizziness are commonly observed in people with multiple sclerosis (PwMS). The aim of this systematic review was to evaluate the evidence for the use of vestibular rehabilitation, in comparison with other exercise interventions or no intervention, to treat balance impairments and dizziness in PwMS. An electronic search was conducted by two independent reviewers in the following databases: MEDLINE (Pubmed), Scopus, the Physiotherapy Evidence Database (PEDro), Web of Science (WOS), Lilacs, CINHAL and the Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews (CDSR). A quality assessment was performed using the PEDro scale and the Cochrane Risk of Bias Tool. When possible, the data were pooled in a meta-analysis (95%CI). This systematic review followed the PRISMA guideline statement and was registered in the PROSPERO database (CRD42019134230). Seven studies were included, with a total of 321 participants analysed. Compared with no intervention, vestibular rehabilitation was more effective for balance development (SMD = 2.12; 95% CI = 0.49, 3.75; p = 0.01; I2 = 89%) and dizziness symptoms improvement (SMD = −17.43; 95% CI = −29.99, −4.87; p= 0.007; I2= 66%). Compared with other exercise interventions, improvements in favour of the experimental group were observed, but statistical significance for the differences between groups was not reached.