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How many species of whipworms do we share? Whipworms from man and other primates form two phylogenetic lineages

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Autor: Doležalová, Jana
Oborník, Miroslav
Hajdušková, Eva
Jirků, Milan
Petrželková, Klára Judita
Bolechová, Petra
Cutillas Barrios, Cristina
Callejón Fernández, Rocío
Jaroš, Josef
Beránková, Zuzana
Modrý, David
Departamento: Universidad de Sevilla. Departamento de Microbiología y Parasitología
Fecha: 2015
Publicado en: Folia Parasitologica, 62 (63), 1-12.
Tipo de documento: Artículo
Resumen: The whipworms, i.e. parasitic nematodes of the genus Trichuris Roederer, 1761, infect a variety of mammals. Apparently low diversity of primate-infecting species of Trichuris strongly contrasts with the high number of species described in other mammalian hosts. The present study addresses the diversity of whipworms in captive and free-ranging primates and humans by analysing nuclear (18S rRNA, ITS2) and mitochondrial (cox1) DNA. Phylogenetic analyses revealed that primate whipworms form two independent lineages: (i) the Trichuris trichiura (Linnaeus, 1771) clade comprised of genetically almost identical whipworms from human and other primates, which suggests the ability of T. trichiura to infect a broader range of primates; (ii) a clade containing primarily Trichuris suis Schrank, 1788, where isolates from human and various primates formed a sister group to isolates from pigs; the former isolates thus may represent of more species of Trichuris in primates including humans. The ...
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Cita: Doležalová, J., Oborník, M., Hajdušková, E., Jirků, M., Petrželková, K.J., Bolechová, P.,...,Modrý, D. (2015). How many species of whipworms do we share? Whipworms from man and other primates form two phylogenetic lineages. Folia Parasitologica, 62 (63), 1-12.
Tamaño: 2.237Mb
Formato: PDF

URI: http://hdl.handle.net/11441/46264

DOI: 10.14411/fp.2015.063

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