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Historical importance of wetlands in malaria transmission in southwest of Spain.


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dc.creator García Murillo, Pablo
dc.creator Sousa Martín, Arturo
dc.creator Andrade, Fátima
dc.creator Félix, Alfredo
dc.creator Jurado Doña, Vicente
dc.creator León Botubol, Alejandra
dc.creator García Barrón, Leoncio
dc.creator Morales González, Julia 2016-02-10T10:17:40Z 2016-02-10T10:17:40Z 2009
dc.identifier.issn 0213-8409 es
dc.description.abstract Malaria is a parasitic disease that is currently affecting a good number of countries with approximately one million deaths per year. Traditionally, this pathology has been related to wetlands and other unhealthy water bodies. It disappeared from most of Western Europe after the Second World War; however, its eradication from Spain took place later. In fact, the WHO didn’t of cially declare malaria in Spain eradicated until 1964, after a gradual controlled process of the illness, through the improvement of health and hygienic conditions in the country, and the ght against the vectors, the parasite, and its reservoirs. In 1913, the Spanish regions with the largest number of municipalities with autochthonous malaria were, precisely, those containing larger areas covered by unhealthy water bodies (except for Extremadura). Among them, Western Andalusia outstood as the main region with the largest area of unhealthy malaria focuses and with high mortality and morbidity rates. Within Western Andalusia, Huelva —and especially its coastal areas— has been, for centuries, one of the provinces with greater endemicity. After the Spanish Civil War a process of reforestation with fast-growing species took place in the Coastal Aeolian Sheet of the Province of Huelva, which led to an 88% reduction of the surface covered by ponds in this territory. These lagoons had started a natural regression process by the end of the XIXth Century related to the post-Little Ice Age warming in Andalusia. The parallel evolution of malaria patients and the regression process experienced by these wetlands for the above mentioned reasons have had a determinant in uence in the eradication of the disease. All of this leads us to consider the relevant role of wetlands when studying the future risk of malaria reemergence in SW Spain. es
dc.format application/pdf es
dc.language.iso eng es
dc.publisher Asociación Española de Limnología es
dc.relation.ispartof Limnetica, 28 (2), 283-300 es
dc.rights Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 Internacional *
dc.rights Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 Internacional *
dc.rights.uri *
dc.subject Wetlands es
dc.subject malaria es
dc.subject peat ponds es
dc.subject climate change es
dc.subject Doñana es
dc.subject Huelva es
dc.subject SW Spain es
dc.title Historical importance of wetlands in malaria transmission in southwest of Spain. es
dc.type info:eu-repo/semantics/article es
dc.type.version info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion es
dc.rights.accessrights info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess es
dc.contributor.affiliation Universidad de Sevilla. Departamento de Biología Vegetal y Ecología es
dc.relation.publisherversion es
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