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An analytical study of Iberian Iron Age stone sculptures and their surface marks


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Opened Access An analytical study of Iberian Iron Age stone sculptures and their surface marks

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Author: Fort González, Rafael
Vázquez Calvo, María Carmen
Chapa Brunet, Teresa
Martínez Navarrete, María Isabel
Belén Deamos, María
Department: Universidad de Sevilla. Departamento de Prehistoria y Arqueología
Date: 2012
Published in: Archaeometry, 55(3), 391-406
Document type: Article
Abstract: The Archaeological Museum of Jaén's sizeable collection of Iron Age sculptures, dating from the fifth century bce, were all found at Cerrillo Blanco de Porcuna, a site in the Spanish province of Jaén. The collection comprises over 40 statues and hundreds of fragments. Incisions recently identified on some of these sculptures have been interpreted as sculptors' marks. The present archaeometric study, conducted with a 3D roughness meter, showed that the marks on several of the sculptures analysed were made with the same type of tool and the same engraving technique. While the graphological differences denote different authorship, they would appear to have been made in the same workshop. The morphological differences observed in the lines analysed on other sculptures are interpreted to indicate the use of other types of tools and engraving techniques.
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