BIM-LCA Integration for the environmental impact assessment of the urbanization process
Martínez Rocamora, Alejandro
Alba Rodríguez, María Desiré
|Department||Universidad de Sevilla. Departamento de Construcciones Arquitectónicas II (ETSIE)|
|Abstract||The construction sector is one of the most polluting industries, generating between 30% and 40% of the worldwide environmental burden in terms of raw materials, direct and indirect energy consumption, waste, and CO2 ...
The construction sector is one of the most polluting industries, generating between 30% and 40% of the worldwide environmental burden in terms of raw materials, direct and indirect energy consumption, waste, and CO2 emissions. Recent advances in computer science and data management have facilitated the evaluation of present and future impacts, thus improving the sustainability of architectural designs. Powerful software tools, such as Building Information Modelling (BIM),allow environmental indicators to be incorporated into the construction elements that make up the project to evaluate it during the design stage. In this work, the state of the art of ecological indicator application through BIM platforms is studied. Barriers and uncertainties are also identified.Subsequently, a model is proposed to evaluate the environmental impact of an urbanization processor a project through several ecological indicators (carbon footprint, water footprint, and embodiedenergy). To perform this analysis, the most important aspect is to determine the quantities of each construction element and their clear decomposition into subelements, since both aspects add certainty to the analysis. For this purpose, construction cost databases are a good instrument for introducing environmental a wareness. The reliability of LCA data, which can be obtained from generic databasesor ecolabels such as environmental product declarations, becomes crucial
|Cite||Marrero, M., Wojtasiewicz, M., Martínez Rocamora, A., Solís-Guzmán, J. y Alba Rodríguez, M.D. (2020). BIM-LCA Integration for the environmental impact assessment of the urbanization process. Sustainability, 12 (10), 1-24.|