A theoretical insight into the catalytic effect of a mixed-metal oxide at the nanometer level: The case of the highly active metal/CeOx/TiO2(110) catalysts
|Author/s||Graciani Alonso, Jesús
Plata Ramos, José Javier
Fernández Sanz, Javier
Rodríguez, José A.
|Editor||Fernández Sanz, Javier|
|Department||Universidad de Sevilla. Departamento de Química Física|
|Abstract||The structural and electronic properties of CeOx species supported on the rutile TiO2 110 surface
have been examined by means of periodic density-functional calculations that use a generalized
gradient approximation ...
The structural and electronic properties of CeOx species supported on the rutile TiO2 110 surface have been examined by means of periodic density-functional calculations that use a generalized gradient approximation functional including a Hubbard-like type correction. Deposition of Ce atoms leads in a first step to Ce3+ ions bound to the surface through bridge and in-plane oxygen atoms, the released electrons occupying the Ti 3d empty orbitals. Further addition of Ce and molecular oxygen gives place to Ce2O3 dimers diagonally arranged on the surface, in agreement with the spots observed in the scanning tunnel microscope images. The formation process of CeOx nanoparticles NPs on the TiO2 surface is highly exothermic and our calculations show that the redox properties of the Ce III-Ce IV couple are significantly altered when it is supported on TiO2. In particular the reactivity against CO/O2 indicates that on the surface the presence of Ce III is favored over Ce IV species. Our results also indicate that the CeOx /TiO2 interface should be seen like a real mixed-metal oxide rather than a supported NP of ceria. Finally, in the context of the high catalytic activity of the M /CeOx /TiO2 M =Au,Cu,Pt systems in the water-gas shift reaction, we have examined the dissociation of water on the CeOx /TiO2 surface and estimated a barrier as small as 0.04 eV, i.e. 8 times smaller than that computed for a TiO2 oxygen vacancy. This result agrees with the experimental superior catalytic activity of the M /CeOx /TiO2 systems over M /TiO2.
|Funding agencies||Gobierno de España. Ministerio Ciencia e Innovación (MICINN)
Junta de Andalucía
|Citation||Graciani Alonso, J., Plata Ramos, J.J., Fernández Sanz, J., Liu, P. y Rodríguez, J.A. (2010). A theoretical insight into the catalytic effect of a mixed-metal oxide at the nanometer level: The case of the highly active metal/CeOx/TiO2(110) catalysts. The Journal of Chemical Physics, 132 (10), 104703.|