Analysis of the evolution of the Spanish labour market through unsupervised learning
|Author||Luna Romera, José María
Núñez Hernández, Fernando
Martínez Ballesteros, María del Mar
Riquelme Santos, José Cristóbal
Ibáñez, Carlos Usabiaga
|Department||Universidad de Sevilla. Departamento de Lenguajes y Sistemas Informáticos
Universidad de Sevilla. Departamento de Organización Industrial y Gestión de Empresas I
|Published in||IEEE Access 7, 2019, 7 (Article number 802202005), 121695-121708.|
|Abstract||Unemployment in Spain is one of the biggest concerns of its inhabitants. Its unemployment rate is the second highest in the European Union, and in the second quarter of 2018 there is a 15.2% unemployment rate, some 3.4 ...
Unemployment in Spain is one of the biggest concerns of its inhabitants. Its unemployment rate is the second highest in the European Union, and in the second quarter of 2018 there is a 15.2% unemployment rate, some 3.4 million unemployed. Construction is one of the activity sectors that have suffered the most from the economic crisis. In addition, the economic crisis affected in different ways to the labour market in terms of occupation level or location. The aim of this paper is to discover how the labour market is organised taking into account the jobs that workers get during two periods: 2011-2013, which corresponds to the economic crisis period, and 2014-2016, which was a period of economic recovery. The data used are official records of the Spanish administration corresponding to 1.9 and 2.4 million job placements, respectively. The labour market was analysed by applying unsupervised machine learning techniques to obtain a clear and structured information on the employment generation process and the underlying labour mobility. We have applied two clustering methods with two different technologies, and the results indicate that there were some movements in the Spanish labour market which have changed the physiognomy of some of the jobs. The analysis reveals the changes in the labour market: the crisis forces greater geographical mobility and favours the subsequent emergence of new job sources. Nevertheless, there still exist some clusters that remain stable despite the crisis. We may conclude that we have achieved a characterisation of some important groups of workers in Spain. The methodology used, being supported by Big Data techniques, would serve to analyse any alternative job market.
|Cite||Luna Romera, J.M., Núñez Hernández, F., Martínez Ballesteros, M.d.M., Riquelme Santos, J.C. y Ibáñez, C.U. (2019). Analysis of the evolution of the Spanish labour market through unsupervised learning. IEEE Access 7 (Article number 802202005), 121695-121708.|