Gold Nanoparticles on Yttrium Modified Titania: Support Properties and Catalytic Activity
|Author||Plata Ramos, José Javier
Márquez Cruz, Antonio Marcial
Fernández Sanz, Javier
Sánchez Avellaneda, Rafael
Romero Sarria, Francisca
Domínguez Leal, María Isabel
Centeno Gallego, Miguel Ángel
Odriozola Gordón, José Antonio
|Department||Universidad de Sevilla. Departamento de Química Inorgánica
Universidad de Sevilla. Departamento de Química Física
|Published in||Topics in Catalysis, 54, 219-228.|
|Abstract||A series of titanium oxide catalysts modified with yttrium has been prepared by sol¿gel method and their structural properties have been studied. The incorporation of yttrium in the titania lattice favors the formation of ...
A series of titanium oxide catalysts modified with yttrium has been prepared by sol¿gel method and their structural properties have been studied. The incorporation of yttrium in the titania lattice favors the formation of oxygen vacancies while at low Y loadings the anatase structure is preserved. The catalytic activity of these solids for CO oxidation is found to be significantly dependent on their physical properties. In particular the amount of dopant controls the number of surface oxygen vacancies created as well as the gold particle size, which directly affects the catalytic activity. Also, a linear relationship between the catalytic activity and the band gap values, which depend on the Y loading, is observed. Density functional theory based calculations show that Y atoms are incorporated at the TiO2 surface at substitutional positions only, while the preferred oxygen vacancies arise by removing the bridge surface oxygen atoms. These O-vacancies are the preferential adsorption sites for Au atoms and nanoparticles, acting as nucleation centers that favor the dispersion of the catalyst active phase over the support surface. In agreement with experiment, Y doping is found to decrease the band gap of the support due to a destabilization of the valence band of the oxide.
|Cite||Plata Ramos, J.J., Márquez Cruz, A.M., Fernández Sanz, J., Sánchez Avellaneda, R., Romero Sarria, F., Domínguez Leal, M.I.,...,Odriozola Gordón, J.A. (2011). Gold Nanoparticles on Yttrium Modified Titania: Support Properties and Catalytic Activity. Topics in Catalysis, 54, 219-228.|