Test item taxonomy based of functional criteria
|Author/s||Moreno Rodríguez, Rafael
Martínez Cervantes, Rafael Jesús
Muñiz Fernández, José
|Department||Universidad de Sevilla. Departamento de Psicología Experimental|
|Abstract||There are many taxonomies that try to classify and apply some consistency to the very many item types currently in existence. They all have various limitations, however, such as ambiguous classiﬁcation criteria, little ...
There are many taxonomies that try to classify and apply some consistency to the very many item types currently in existence. They all have various limitations, however, such as ambiguous classiﬁcation criteria, little discrimination between format types, and referring almost exclusively to pen-and-paper or screen-based items. This paper aims to overcome these limitations by proposing a new item format taxonomy based on functional criteria. Current classiﬁcations are reviewed, the criteria they are based on are examined and their limitations are identiﬁed. The proposed alternative classiﬁcation identiﬁes four essential components of items according to function: the structure of the included content, the device used for transmission of the question to the examinee, the device for receiving the response, and the instructions to the examinee about how to understand and respond to the item. The combination of different facets of these four components allows any format of item to be classiﬁed, both existing formats and those that may appear in the future. In addition to systematically and coherently classifying items, this new taxonomy may also be of great utility in the construction and research of new items. The proposed model is illustrated by examples showing how speciﬁc items are classiﬁed, using a checklist as a guide.
|Funding agencies||Ministerio de Economía y Competitividad (MINECO). España|
|Citation||Moreno Rodríguez, R., Martínez Cervantes, R.J. y Muñiz Fernández, J. (2018). Test item taxonomy based of functional criteria. Frontiers in Psychology, 9, 1175-1-1175-9.|