Self-control of a lively footbridge under pedestrian flow
|Author||Hernández-Díaz, Alejandro M.
Jiménez Alonso, Javier Fernando
Sáez Pérez, Andrés
|Department||Universidad de Sevilla. Departamento de Estructuras de Edificación e Ingeniería del Terreno
Universidad de Sevilla. Departamento de Mecánica de Medios Continuos y Teoría de Estructuras
|Abstract||In this paper, a case study about a lively footbridge is developed; the vibration levels caused by the
pedestrian action are controlled by the change of the modal parameters of the structure due to the
In this paper, a case study about a lively footbridge is developed; the vibration levels caused by the pedestrian action are controlled by the change of the modal parameters of the structure due to the pedestrian-structure interaction. A detailed finite element model of the structure has been updated from an operational modal analysis. The updated model has been used to obtain the numerical acceleration at the mid-span of the footbridge under different pedestrian flows. A relation between the maximum acceleration and the pedestrian density on the deck has been obtained numerically, pointing out an improvement in the comfort level of the structure when the number of pedestrians increases. This result validates a design rule for cable-stayed footbridges in order to avoid vibratory problems, since the first vertical natural frequency of the structure remains below the range that characterizes the pedestrian walking action.