Temporay ponds from Doñana National Park: a system of natural habitats for the preservation of aquatic flora and fauna..
|Título alternativo||Las lagunas temporales del Parque Nacional de Doñana: un sistema de hábitats naturales para la conservación de la flora y fauna acuáticas.|
|Author||Díaz Paniagua, Carmen
Fernández Zamudio, María del Rocío
Florencio Díaz, Margarita Patricia
García Murillo, Pablo
Serrano Martín, Laura
Siljeström Ribed, Patricia
|Department||Universidad de Sevilla. Departamento de Biología Vegetal y Ecología|
|Published in||Limnetica, 29 (1), 41-58|
|Abstract||Mediterranean temporary ponds are a priority habitat under the European Union Habitats Directive, but those of natural origin
are scarce, as many of them have been destroyed or transformed into permanent waters. The aim ...
Mediterranean temporary ponds are a priority habitat under the European Union Habitats Directive, but those of natural origin are scarce, as many of them have been destroyed or transformed into permanent waters. The aim of this study is to highlight the conservation value of the system of temporary ponds in Do˜nana National Park, where more than 3000 water bodies may be lled during wet years. They are located on soils of aeolian origin where water persistence is favoured by the presence of an argilic semi permeable horizon and by a relic clay-rich sandy layer. Temporary ponds can be classi ed across a wide hydroperiod gradient. Most ponds ll with autumnal or winter rains and persist up to late spring or summer, and only a few may persist through summer. Eight of the 11 amphibian species of this area require temporary ponds for breeding. More than 124 taxa of macroinvertebrates have been recorded, coleopterans (56 taxa) and heteropterans (19 taxa) being the richest taxonomic groups. Several zooplankton species are endemic to this kind of habitats, such as the copepod Dussartius baeticus and the rotifer Lecane donyanensis. Regarding vegetation, at least 55 hydrophytes species were identi ed in the ponds sampled, and also some species endemic to SW Iberian Peninsula (Callitriche regis-jubae, Scorzonera stulosa, Callitriche lusitanica) and others are in relic situation (Hydrocharis morsus-ranae, Thorella verticillato-inundata, Lemna trisulca). The conservation value of these ponds is highlighted by the large variety of protected and/or rare species of ora and fauna, which are favoured by a high pond abundance and connectivity.