Effect of Statin Therapy in the Outcome of Bloodstream Infections Due to Staphylococcus aureus: A Prospective Cohort Study
|Author||López-Cortés, Luis E.
Toro López, María Dolores del
Velasco Ramírez, María del Carmen
Cueto López, Marina de
Caballero, Francisco J.
Muniain Ezcurra, Miguel Angel
Pascual Hernández, Álvaro
|Department||Universidad de Sevilla. Departamento de Medicina
Universidad de Sevilla. Departamento de Microbiología
|Published in||PLoS ONE, 8 (12), e82958|
|Abstract||Introduction: Statins have pleiotropic effects that could influence the prevention and outcome of some infectious diseases.
There is no information about their specific effect on Staphylococcus aureus bacteremia ...
Introduction: Statins have pleiotropic effects that could influence the prevention and outcome of some infectious diseases. There is no information about their specific effect on Staphylococcus aureus bacteremia (SAB). Methods: A prospective cohort study including all SAB diagnosed in patients aged $18 years admitted to a 950-bed tertiary hospital from March 2008 to January 2011 was performed. The main outcome variable was 14-day mortality, and the secondary outcome variables were 30-day mortality, persistent bacteremia (PB) and presence of severe sepsis or septic shock at diagnosis of SAB. The effect of statin therapy at the onset of SAB was studied by multivariate logistic regression and Cox regression analysis, including a propensity score for statin therapy. Results: We included 160 episodes. Thirty-three patients (21.3%) were receiving statins at the onset of SAB. 14-day mortality was 21.3%. After adjustment for age, Charlson index, Pitt score, adequate management, and high risk source, statin therapy had a protective effect on 14-day mortality (adjusted OR = 0.08; 95% CI: 0.01–0.66; p = 0.02), and PB (OR = 0.89; 95% CI: 0.27– 1.00; p = 0.05) although the effect was not significant on 30-day mortality (OR = 0.35; 95% CI: 0.10–1.23; p = 0.10) or presentation with severe sepsis or septic shock (adjusted OR = 0.89; CI 95%: 0.27–2.94; p = 0.8). An effect on 30-day mortality could neither be demonstrated on Cox analysis (adjusted HR = 0.5; 95% CI: 0.19–1.29; p = 0.15). Conclusions: Statin treatment in patients with SAB was associated with lower early mortality and PB. Randomized studies are necessary to identify the role of statins in the treatment of patients with SAB