Immediate Functional Loading with Full-Arch Fixed Implant-Retained Rehabilitation in Periodontal Patients Clinical Study
Cracel Lopes, João Luis
Matos Garrido, Nuno
Jiménez Guerra, Álvaro
Ortiz García, Iván
Moreno Muñoz, Jesús
Núñez Márquez, Enrique
Rondón Romero, José Luis
López López, José
Monsalve Guil, Loreto
|Department||Universidad de Sevilla. Departamento de Estomatología|
|Abstract||Background. The immediate functional loading of implants is a clinical procedure used for treating periodontal edentulous patients. This clinical study aimed to evaluate the clinical outcomes of the immediate functional ...
Background. The immediate functional loading of implants is a clinical procedure used for treating periodontal edentulous patients. This clinical study aimed to evaluate the clinical outcomes of the immediate functional loading of implants with fully fixed rehabilitations in compromised periodontal patients. Methods. Three hundred and five implants IPX screw implants were placed in 27 periodontal patients using an immediate functional loading protocol with fixed rehabilitations. All patients had a previous history of periodontitis, four patients (14.8%) were smokers and seven patients (25.9%) suffered from chronic medical conditions. Results. Implant and prosthetic clinical findings were evaluated during a mean period of 41.3 ± 19.6 months. No implants were lost during the clinical follow-up. The cumulative survival rate for all implants was 100%. Regarding the prostheses designed, a total of 54 fixed prostheses were placed in the 27 patients immediately after the surgery. Forty-four hybrid fixed prostheses (81.5%) and 10 fixed rehabilitations (18.5%) were placed in the patients. The mean marginal bone loss was 1.51 ± 1.16 mm, ranging from 0 to 3.5 mm during the follow-up evaluation. Thirty-one implants (10.2%) in 10 patients (37%) were associated with peri-implantitis. Five patients (18.5%) showed some kind of technical complications (loss/fracture of the prosthetic screw, acrylic resin fracture, ceramic chipping). Conclusions. The clinical outcomes of this study demonstrate that fixed rehabilitation by immediate functional loading of implants is considered a predictable procedure.
|Citation||Velasco-Ortega, E., Cracel Lopes, J.L., Matos Garrido, N., Jiménez Guerra, Á., Ortiz García, I., Moreno Muñoz, J.,...,Monsalve Guil, L. (2022). Immediate Functional Loading with Full-Arch Fixed Implant-Retained Rehabilitation in Periodontal Patients Clinical Study. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 19 (20), 13162. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph192013162.|