Assessing the economic and environmental sustainability of bio-olefins: The case of 1,3-butadiene production from bioethanol
|Author/s||Cabrera Camacho, Camilo Ernesto
Villanueva Perales, Ángel Luis
Vidal Barrero, Fernando
Ollero de Castro, Pedro Antonio
|Department||Universidad de Sevilla. Departamento de Ingeniería Química y Ambiental|
|Abstract||There is a growing interest in the production of biobutadiene from bioethanol, but it is not possible to conclude from the literature which conversion process, either by one or two reaction steps, is preferred since there ...
There is a growing interest in the production of biobutadiene from bioethanol, but it is not possible to conclude from the literature which conversion process, either by one or two reaction steps, is preferred since there is a lack of works comparing their economic and environmental performances. The aim of this work is to perform that comparison so it can serve as a guide for decision making by future investors as well as set future research needs that can improve the technology. Assuming production in Brazil from sugarcane ethanol, technoeconomic and lifecycle assessments were performed from process simulations, and the reliability of the results was studied with uncertainty analyses. The comparison reveals that the one-step process should be preferred because of its better economic and environmental performance. Biobutadiene from ethanol is not cost competitive against naphtha-derived butadiene (probability of positive net present value is 11–17% for one-step process scenarios and 5% for the two-step process scenarios) but producing biobutadiene from ethanol in Brazil leads to significant reductions in emissions of CO2 compared to naphtha-derived butadiene (102–103% and 7.6–52.4% for one- and two-step process scenarios, respectively). A critical issue for the cost competitiveness of biobutadiene is that the CO2 saved can be sold in an international carbon emission trading market. In that case, the one-step processes would be much more favored. Future research is needed concerning the development of highly selective two-step catalysts operating in less energy-demanding conditions so that two-step processes can compete with one-step processes.
|Funding agencies||Ministerio de Economía, Industria y Competitividad|
|Citation||Cabrera Camacho, C.E., Villanueva Perales, Á.L., Vidal Barrero, F., Ollero de Castro, P.A. y Alonso-Fariñas, B. (2022). Assessing the economic and environmental sustainability of bio-olefins: The case of 1,3-butadiene production from bioethanol. Journal of Cleaner Production, 374, 133963. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jclepro.2022.133963.|