Is Penicillin Allergy a Risk Factor for Early Dental Implant Failure? A Systematic Review
|Author/s||Salgado-Peralvo, Ángel Orión
Peña-Cardelles, Juan Francisco
Ortiz García, Iván
Jiménez Guerra, Álvaro
Moreno Muñoz, Jesús
Núñez Márquez, Enrique
Monsalve Guil, Loreto
|Department||Universidad de Sevilla. Departamento de Estomatología|
|Abstract||The prescription of preventive antibiotics in dental implant treatments reduces the incidence of early failures. This study has focused mainly on the influence of amoxicillin, which is contraindicated in penicillin-allergic ...
The prescription of preventive antibiotics in dental implant treatments reduces the incidence of early failures. This study has focused mainly on the influence of amoxicillin, which is contraindicated in penicillin-allergic patients. The present systematic review aimed to determine whether penicillin-allergic patients have a higher risk of implant failure compared to non-allergic patients. An electronic search was performed on Medline and Web of Science using the following MeSH terms: (penicillin allergy OR clindamycin OR erythromycin OR azithromycin OR metronidazole) AND (dental implant OR dental implant failure OR dental implant complications). The criteria employed were those described in the PRISMA® Declaration. Only five articles were included that analyzed the failure rates of implants placed in penicillin-allergic patients who were prescribed clindamycin compared to non-allergic patients who were prescribed amoxicillin. With the limitations of this study, it is not possible to state that penicillin allergy per se constitutes a risk factor for early dental implant failure as most of the studies included self-reported allergic patients. Clindamycin has been associated with a significantly elevated risk of failure and an up to six times increased risk of infection. Immediate implants also have a 5.7 to 10 times higher risk of failure.
|Citation||Salgado Peralvo, Á., Peña-Cardelles, J.F., Kewalramani, N., Ortiz García, I., Jiménez Guerra, Á., Uribarri, A.,...,Monsalve Guil, L. (2021). Is Penicillin Allergy a Risk Factor for Early Dental Implant Failure? A Systematic Review. Antibiotics, 10 (10), 1227. https://doi.org/10.3390/antibiotics10101227.|