Thermodynamic Assessment and Optimisation of Supercritical and Transcritical Power Cycles Operating on CO2 Mixtures by Means of Artificial Neural Networks
|Author/s||Rodríguez de Arriba, Pablo Enrique
Crespi, Francesco Maria
Sánchez Martínez, David Tomás
|Department||Universidad de Sevilla. Departamento de Ingeniería Energética|
|Abstract||Closed supercritical and transcritical power cycles operating on Carbon Dioxide have proven to be a promising technology for power generation and, as such, they are being researched by numerous international projects today. ...
Closed supercritical and transcritical power cycles operating on Carbon Dioxide have proven to be a promising technology for power generation and, as such, they are being researched by numerous international projects today. Despite the advantageous features of these cycles enabling very high efficiencies in intermediate temperature applications, the major shortcoming of the technology is a strong dependence on ambient temperature; in order to perform compression near the CO2 critical point (31ºC), low ambient temperatures are needed. This is particularly challenging in Concentrated Solar Power applications, typically found in hot, semi-arid locations. To overcome this limitation, the SCARABEUS project explores the idea of blending raw carbon dioxide with small amounts of certain dopants in order to shift the critical temperature of the resulting working fluid to higher values, hence enabling gaseous compression near the critical point or even liquid compression regardless of a high ambient temperature. Different dopants have been studied within the project so far (i.e. C6F6, TiCl4 and SO2) but the final selection will have to account for trade-offs between thermodynamic performance, economic metrics and system reliability. Bearing all this in mind, the present paper deals with the development of a non-physics-based model using Artificial Neural Networks (ANN), developed using Matlab’s Deep Learning Toolbox, to enable SCARABEUS system optimisation without running the detailed – and extremely time consuming – thermal models, developed with Thermoflex and Matlab software. In the first part of the paper, the candidate dopants and cycle layouts are presented and discussed, and a thorough description of the ANN training methodology is provided, along with all the main assumptions and hypothesis made. In the second part of the manuscript, results confirms that the ANN is a reliable tool capable of successfully reproducing the detailed Thermoflex model, estimating the cycle thermal efficiency with a Root Mean Square Error lower than 0.2 percentage points. Furthermore, the great advantage of using the Artificial Neural Network proposed is demonstrated by the huge reduction in the computational time needed, up to 99% lower than the one consumed by the detailed model. Finally, the high flexibility and versatility of the ANN is shown, applying this tool in different scenarios and estimating different cycle thermal efficiency for a great variety of boundary conditions.
|Funding agencies||Unión Europea|
|Citation||Rodríguez de Arriba, P.E., Crespi, F.M. y Sánchez Martínez, D.T. (2022). Thermodynamic Assessment and Optimisation of Supercritical and Transcritical Power Cycles Operating on CO2 Mixtures by Means of Artificial Neural Networks. En 7th International Supercritical CO2 Power Cycles Symposium, San Antonio (Texas), Paper 188.|