Receptor-targeted nanoparticles modulate cannabinoid anticancer activity through delayed cell internalization
|Author||Durán Lobato, María Matilde
Álvarez Fuentes, Josefa
Fernández Arévalo, María Mercedes
Martín Banderas, Lucía
|Department||Universidad de Sevilla. Departamento de Farmacia y Tecnología Farmacéutica|
|Abstract||Δ9-tetrahydrocannabinol (Δ9-THC) is known for its antitumor activity and palliative effects. However, its unfavorable physicochemical and biopharmaceutical properties, including low bioavailability, psychotropic side effects ...
Δ9-tetrahydrocannabinol (Δ9-THC) is known for its antitumor activity and palliative effects. However, its unfavorable physicochemical and biopharmaceutical properties, including low bioavailability, psychotropic side effects and resistance mechanisms associated to dosing make mandatory the development of successful drug delivery systems. In this work, transferring (Tf) surface-modified Δ9-THC-loaded poly(lactide-co-glycolic) nanoparticles (Tf-THC-PLGA NPs) were proposed and evaluated as novel THC-based anticancer therapy. Furthermore, in order to assess the interaction of both the nanocarrier and the loaded drug with cancer cells, a double-fluorescent strategy was applied, including the chemical conjugation of a dye to the nanoparticle polymer along with the encapsulation of either a lipophilic or a hydrophilic dye. Tf-THC PLGA NPs exerted a cell viability decreased down to 17% vs. 88% of plain nanoparticles, while their internalization was significantly slower than plain nanoparticles. Uptake studies in the presence of inhibitors indicated that the nanoparticles were internalized through cholesterol-associated and clathrin-mediated mechanisms. Overall, Tf-modification of PLGA NPs showed to be a highly promising approach for Δ9-THC-based antitumor therapies, potentially maximizing the amount of drug released in a sustained manner at the surface of cells bearing cannabinoid receptors.
|Funding agencies||Junta de Andalucía|
|Project ID.||P09- CTS5029|
|Citation||Durán Lobato, M.M., Álvarez Fuentes, J., Fernández Arévalo, M.M. y Martín Banderas, L. (2022). Receptor-targeted nanoparticles modulate cannabinoid anticancer activity through delayed cell internalization. Scientific Reports, 12, 1297.|