The influence of spirituality and religion on critical carenursing: An integrative review
|Badanta Romero, Bárbara
Diego Cordero, Rocío de
|Universidad de Sevilla. Departamento de Enfermería
|Background: Spiritual care could help family members and critically ill patients to
cope with anxiety, stress and depression. However, health care professionals are
poorly prepared and health managers are not allocating ...
Background: Spiritual care could help family members and critically ill patients to cope with anxiety, stress and depression. However, health care professionals are poorly prepared and health managers are not allocating all the resources needed. Aims and objectives: To critically review the empirical evidence concerning the influence of spirituality and religion (S-R) on critical care nursing. Methods: An integrative review of the literature published in the last 10 years (2010-2019) was conducted in PubMed, Scopus, CINHAL, PsycINFO, Web of Science, Cochrane and LILACS. In addition, searches were performed in the System for Information on Grey Literature in Europe and the Grey Literature Report. Quantitative and/or qualitative studies, assessing S-R and including health care professionals caring for critically ill patients (i.e. adults or children), were included. Results: Forty articles were included in the final analysis (20 qualitative, 19 quantitative and 1 with a mixed methodology). The studies embraced the following themes: S-R importance and the use of coping among critical care patients and families; spiritual needs of patients and families; health care professionals' awareness of spiritual needs; ways to address spiritual care in the intensive care unit (ICU); definition of S-R by health care professionals; perceptions and barriers of addressing spiritual needs; and influence of S-R on health care professionals' outcomes and decisions. Our results indicate that patients and their families use S-R coping strategies to alleviate stressful situations in the ICU and that respecting patients' spiritual beliefs is an essential component of critical care. Although nurses consider spiritual care to be very important, they do not feel prepared to address S-R and report lack of time as the main barrier. Conclusion and implications for practice: Critical care professionals should be aware about the needs of their patients and should be trained to handle S-R in clinical practice. Nurses are encouraged to increase their knowledge and awareness towards spiritual issues.
|Badanta Romero, B., Rivilla-García, E., Lucchetti, G. y Diego Cordero, R.d. (2021). The influence of spirituality and religion on critical carenursing: An integrative review. The influence of spirituality and religion on critical care nursing: An integrative review, 2021, 1-19.