Optimal ductility enhancement of RC framed buildings considering different non-invasive retrofitting techniques
|Autor||Requena García de la Cruz, María Victoria
Morales Esteban, Antonio
Durand Neyra, Percy
|Departamento||Universidad de Sevilla. Departamento de Estructuras de Edificación e Ingeniería del Terreno|
|Publicado en||Engineering Structures, 242 (112572)|
|Resumen||Existing RC framed buildings lack significant ductility, especially when they have been built with pre-code criteria. Improving their ductile capacity can help to prevent them from the brittle collapse mechanism and to ...
Existing RC framed buildings lack significant ductility, especially when they have been built with pre-code criteria. Improving their ductile capacity can help to prevent them from the brittle collapse mechanism and to reduce the seismic damage expected. This paper aims to investigate the enhancement of the ductile response behaviour of RC framed buildings considering different non-invasive retrofitting techniques. To do so, a pre-code RC framed school located in the Spanish province of Huelva has been selected as a case study. Five non-invasive retrofitting techniques have been tested: FRP wraps and steel jackets in columns, steel beams and plates under RC beams and single steel braces. They have been selected so that they can be easily implemented in the building. Some of them have been studied in detail in previous works and others have been included for further research in this paper. In order to compare the results obtained, the most typical technique in the seismic retrofitting of RC framed buildings, the addition of X-bracings in bays, has also been tested. Most previous studies on the seismic retrofitting of RC buildings are focused on validating a method based on artificial models. This paper compares the different techniques in terms of the capacity improvement and the damage reduction, performing analyses in detail and adding them in an existing RC building. A sensitivity analysis has been carried out to determine the influence of each technique in the building’s ductile capacity considering the finite element method. Nonlinear static analyses have been performed to obtain the capacity, the displacement ductility factor (μ) and the behaviour factor (q) of each model defined. The damage expected has been determined considering the ductile and fragile failure of the elements according to the Eurocode-8 (EC8) requirements. To analyse the suitability and the efficiency of each solution, a benefit/cost ratio has been obtained taking into account the ductility improvement and the damage reduction with regards to the retrofitting costs. The results have shown that the best benefit has been obtained with the addition of steel braces. However, the optimal solutions have been single braces and steel jackets due to their combination between benefit and cost. It has been observed that the solutions that increase the stiffness of the joints have had a higher improvement due to the key role that joints have in the resistant capacity of RC structurers. Also, it has been obtained that the values of the fundamental periods have been reduced, when adding the retrofitting elements and materials, up to 30% owing to the increase of the stiffness of the system. Finally, it must be highlighted that a detailed analysis of the behaviour of the whole building must be conducted in order to avoid additional rotation effects and shear forces that could worsen the building’s seismic behaviour.
|Cita||Requena García de la Cruz, M.V., Morales Esteban, A. y Durand Neyra, P. (2021). Optimal ductility enhancement of RC framed buildings considering different non-invasive retrofitting techniques. Engineering Structures, 242 (112572)|