Guidelines for surfactant selection to treat petroleum hydrocarbon-contaminated soils
Arnáiz Franco, Carmen
Morillo Aguado, José
Usero García, José
|Department||Universidad de Sevilla. Departamento de Ingeniería Química y Ambiental|
|Abstract||The present study determined the most effective surfactants to remediate gasoline and diesel-contaminated soil integrating
information from soil texture and soil organic matter. Different ranges for aliphatic and aromatic ...
The present study determined the most effective surfactants to remediate gasoline and diesel-contaminated soil integrating information from soil texture and soil organic matter. Different ranges for aliphatic and aromatic hydrocarbons (> C6–C8, > C8–C10, > C10–C12, > C12–C16, > C16–C21, and > C21–C35) in gasoline and diesel fuel were analyzed. This type of analysis has been investigated infrequently. Three types of soils (silty clay, silt loam, and loamy sand) and four surfactants (non-ionic: Brij 35 and Tween 80; anionic: SDBS and SDS) were used. The results indicated that the largest hydrocarbon desorption was 56% for silty clay soil (SDS), 59% for silt loam soil (SDBS), and 69% for loamy sand soil (SDS). Soils with large amounts of small particles showed the worst desorption efficiencies. Anionic surfactants removed more hydrocarbons than non-ionic surfactants. It was notable that preferential desorption on different hydrocarbon ranges was observed since aliphatic hydrocarbons and large ranges were the most recalcitrant compounds of gasoline and diesel fuel components. Unlike soil texture, natural organic matter concentration caused minor changes in the hydrocarbon removal rates. Based on these results, this study might be useful as a tool to select the most cost-effective surfactant knowing the soil texture and the size and chemical structure of the hydrocarbons present in a contaminated site.
|Funding agencies||INERCO Inspección y Control S.A PI-1790/43/2018
Corporación Tecnológica de Andalucía (CTA)
|Citation||Ritoré, E., Coquelet, B., Arnáiz Franco, C., Morillo Aguado, J. y Usero García, J. (2021). Guidelines for surfactant selection to treat petroleum hydrocarbon-contaminated soils. Environmental Science and Pollution Research, Sep 3|