Potential tamoxifen repurposing to combat infections by multidrug-resistant Gram-negative bacilli
Ayerbe Algaba, Rafael
Toro Estévez, Raquel del
Jiménez-Mejías, Manuel Enrique
Pachón Díaz, Jerónimo
|Department||Universidad de Sevilla. Departamento de Medicina
Universidad de Sevilla. Departamento de Fisiología Médica y Biofísica
Instituto de Biomedicina de Sevilla (IBIS)
|Abstract||The development of new strategic therapies for multidrug-resistant bacteria, like the
use of non-antimicrobial approaches and/or drugs repurposed to be used as monotherapies or in
combination with clinically relevant ...
The development of new strategic therapies for multidrug-resistant bacteria, like the use of non-antimicrobial approaches and/or drugs repurposed to be used as monotherapies or in combination with clinically relevant antibiotics, has become urgent. A therapeutic alternative for infections by multidrug-resistant Gram-negative bacilli (MDR-GNB) is immune system modulation to improve the infection clearance. We showed that immunocompetent mice pretreated with tamoxifen at 80 mg/kg/d for three days and infected with Acinetobacter baumannii, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, or Escherichia coli in peritoneal sepsis models showed reduced release of the monocyte chemotactic protein-1 (MCP-1) and its signaling pathway interleukin-18 (IL-18), and phosphorylated extracellular signal-regulated kinase 1/2 (ERK1/2). This reduction of MCP-1 induced the reduction of migration of inflammatory monocytes and neutrophils from the bone marrow to the blood. Indeed, pretreatment with tamoxifen in murine peritoneal sepsis models reduced the bacterial load in tissues and blood, and increased mice survival from 0% to 60–100%. Together, these data show that tamoxifen presents therapeutic efficacy against MDR A. baumannii, P. aeruginosa, and E. coli in experimental models of infection and may be a new candidate to be repurposed as a treatment for GNB infections.
|Citation||Miró-Canturri, A., Ayerbe Algaba, R., Toro Estévez, R.d., Jiménez-Mejías, M.E., Pachón Díaz, J. y Smani, Y. (2021). Potential tamoxifen repurposing to combat infections by multidrug-resistant Gram-negative bacilli. Pharmaceuticals, 14 (6)|